Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 10 (152) 2016

Биология и биотехнологии

Донник И. М. доктор биологических наук, профессор, академик Россельхозакадемии, ректор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Ильясов О. Р. доктор биологических наук, профессор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Неверова О. П. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Шаравьев П. В. старший преподаватель Уральский государственный аграрный университет

УДК:636.087.2: 636.085.51

THE TECHNOLOGY OF PREPARING WASTE WATER FOR USE AS A NUTRITIOUS SUBSTRATUM

 An important factor in the hydroponic cultivationof plants and using drains with the high content of biogenes as a nutritioussubstratum is concentration of the irrigation solution. Reduction of thepolluting components in liquid fraction of manure can be reached only by reducinga share of firm fraction in it, i. e. by separate collection and removal offirm and liquid fraction of manure from livestock premises. To ensure normaldevelopment of the plants which are grown hydroponically for vitaminous green fodder, the nutritious substratum shouldmeet agrotechnical requirements. The concentration in initial drains of organicsubstances characterized by an indicator BODfull, and content of nitrogen of ammonium can reach 3–5 g/l and 1.5–3.0 g/l respectively. Thoseindicators exceed admissible limits by 5–10 times. Practice and research of watermanagement balance in livestock complexes show that the minimal amount of water required for providingnormal sanitary and hygienic conditions of keeping animals is in the ratio 2:1with liquid fraction of manure. This ratio provides concentration of ash elements and salinity in a nutritious substratumin recommended quantities. If more water is used than the necessary minimum, itresults in low concentration of pollutants in sewage and leads to the increasein the amounts of water subject to utilization. The latter reduces efficiencyand economic indicators of utilization of sewage during hydroponic cultivationof vitaminous green fodder.


Keywords:

Keywords: waste water, green fodder, livestock, indicators, nutritious substratum.


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