Аграрный вестник Урала № 10 (152) 2016Экономика
REGIONAL SPECIFICS OF CREATING HIGH-PRODUCTIVE WORKPLACES IN AGRICULTURAL SPHERE
Thepurpose of this research was to determine the regional specifics of creatinghighly productive workplaces in agricultural industry of Russia. In this articlewe give a systematization of intrinsic characteristics of a workplace andhigh-productive workplace (HPWP). The conclusion is drawn on feasibility ofconsideration of HPWP as a complex of technical and technological (thepotential determining machine output), labor (quality of a human capital of theworker), organizational (determines conditions of production and work) andinstitutional (set of the regulations and rules regulating accomplishment bythe worker of certain functions) components. We studied the criteria ofidentification and the main approaches to HPWP number assessment in the Russianpractice. The conclusion is drawn on heterogeneity of interpretations ofeconomic content of HPWP leading to significant differences in assessment oftheir quantity in the Russian economy. The analysis of dynamics and structureof HPWP in agrarian sector of economy (2013–2015) was carried out which allowedto reveal the reversive nature of creation and essential differences indistribution of HPWP throughout the regions of the Russian Federation. The methodof clusterization allocated and characterized five groups of the regionsrealizing various behavior models on creation of HPWP in agrarian sector. It isestablished that regions of the Crimean, Volga, Ural and Far East federaldistricts are rather uniform in the level of creating high-productiveworkplaces in agricultural industry, and the greatest interregionaldifferentiation is observed in the Central and Siberian federal districts. Inconclusion, there is a need to form a system of measures for stimulation HPWPcreation in case of development, acceptance and implementation of both federal,and regional development programs of agricultural industry and regulation ofthe markets of agricultural products, raw materials and food.
Keywords: high-productive workplace, agriculture, agro-industrial complex, region, cluster analysis, salary, labor productivity.
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