Аграрный вестник Урала № 11 (153) 2016Экономика
IMPROVEMENT OF ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL RESERVATIONS
The article proves the necessity of creating a network of specially protected natural reservations in order tomaintain a balance between the anthropogenic load on the environment andself-restoration potential of natural systems as well as demonstrates thespecificity of this process in modern conditions. The versatility of naturalresources and the variability of use involves the use of economic criteria,which require refinement of guidelines for the economic valuation of specially protected natural reservations. We offer theguidelines clarifying the coefficients: the value coefficient of ecosystems ( ) and the coefficientof biodiversity uniqueness on the federal level ( ). The valuecoefficient of ecosystems is based on identified types of plant complexes, thearea occupied by them and the relations with these types of ecosystems. The coefficient of biodiversity uniqueness is proposed todetermine using direct calculation of the Red Book of the Russian Federationcopies for the study area. Practical approval of the guidelines for the PolarUrals region in the mountainous part of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Region showsthat the integral correction factor to the norm of the average value of specially protected natural reservations is higher thanthe coefficient counted according to the modern prevail guidelines. Adjustment ratio clarification allows to perform theeconomic evaluation of protected areas with maximum precision and accuracy.This evaluation is the basis for the comparison of different usages of naturalsystems. In the article, the conclusion about the necessity of additionalconsideration of the specificity of the local flora and fauna is made. Theevaluation should be made through the introduction of biodiversity uniquenesscoefficient at the regional level in the calculations. This coefficient isbased on the use of regional Red data books.
Keywords: specially protected natural reservations (SPNR), environmental functions, economic assessment, value coefficient of ecosystems, coefficient of biodiversity uniqueness.
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