Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 11 (153) 2016

Экономика

Литвинова А. А. кандидат экономических наук, доцент, старший научный сотрудник Институт экономики Уральского отделения Российской академии наук

Кубарев М. С. кандидат экономических наук, старший преподаватель Уральский государственный экономический университет

Морозова Л. М. кандидат биологических наук, старший научный сотрудник Институт экологии растений и животных Уральского отделения Российской акаде-мии наук

Коротеев Г. Д. аспирант Уральский государственный горный университет

УДК:504.064.2.001.18:502.45

IMPROVEMENT OF ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF SPECIALLY PROTECTED NATURAL RESERVATIONS

 The article proves the necessity of creating a network of specially protected natural reservations in order tomaintain a balance between the anthropogenic load on the environment andself-restoration potential of natural systems as well as demonstrates thespecificity of this process in modern conditions. The versatility of naturalresources and the variability of use involves the use of economic criteria,which require refinement of guidelines for the economic valuation of specially protected natural reservations. We offer theguidelines clarifying the coefficients: the value coefficient of ecosystems ( ) and the coefficientof biodiversity uniqueness on the federal level ( ). The valuecoefficient of ecosystems is based on identified types of plant complexes, thearea occupied by them and the relations with these types of ecosystems. The coefficient of biodiversity uniqueness is proposed todetermine using direct calculation of the Red Book of the Russian Federationcopies for the study area. Practical approval of the guidelines for the PolarUrals region in the mountainous part of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Region showsthat the integral correction factor to the norm of the average value of specially protected natural reservations is higher thanthe coefficient counted according to the modern prevail guidelines. Adjustment ratio clarification allows to perform theeconomic evaluation of protected areas with maximum precision and accuracy.This evaluation is the basis for the comparison of different usages of naturalsystems. In the article, the conclusion about the necessity of additionalconsideration of the specificity of the local flora and fauna is made. Theevaluation should be made through the introduction of biodiversity uniquenesscoefficient at the regional level in the calculations. This coefficient isbased on the use of regional Red data books.


Keywords:

Keywords: specially protected natural reservations (SPNR), environmental functions, economic assessment, value coefficient of ecosystems, coefficient of biodiversity uniqueness.


References:

1. Fomenko G. A., Fomenko M. A., Mikhaylova A. V., Mikhaylova T. R. An economic evaluation of especially protected territories of Kamchatka: practical results and their value for preserving a biodiversity (on the example of the natural park “Bystrinsky”). Ya-roslavl, 2010. 156 p.

2. Kazakov L. K. Landscape science. M., 2011. 336 p.

3. The concept of development of network of especially protected natural territories of fed-eral importance for the period up to 2020 : approved by the order of the Government of the Russian Federation from December 22, 2011, № 2322–r.

4. Litvinova A. A., Ignatyeva M. N., Koroteyev G. D. Identification of the services pro-vided by especially protected natural territories // Achievements of modern natural sciences. 2016. № 6. P. 164–168.

5. Stishov M. S. A technique of assessment of nature protection efficiency of especially pro-tected natural territories and their regional systems. M., 2012. 284 p.

6. Litvinova A. A., Ignatyeva M. N., Morozova L. M. Methodical approaches to reasons for creation of network of especially protected natural territories // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2015. № 10. P. 83–85.

7. Feasibility statement on a technique of the state cadastral assessment of lands on reserves // New financial mechanisms of preserving biodiversity: to results of the Project of GEF “Preserving biodiversity in the Russian Federation”. M., 2002. P. 156–185.

8. Balashenko V. V., Ignatyeva M. N., Loginov V. G. Natural and resource capacity of northern areas: methodical features of complex assessment // Economy of the region. 2015. № 4. P. 84–95.

9. Igoshina K. N. Map of vegetation of the Urals of M 1: 2 500 000 (1963) : appendix to the article “Vegetation of the Urals” // Vegetation of the USSR and foreign countries. Series III. Geobotanics. 1964. P. 83–230.

10. Red List of the Russian Federation (plants and mushrooms). M., 2008. 855 p.


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