Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (154) 2016

Биология и биотехнологии

Донник И. М. доктор биологических наук, профессор, академик Россельхозакадемии, ректор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Ильясов О. Р. доктор биологических наук, профессор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Неверова О. П. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Шаравьев П. В. старший преподаватель Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Горелик О. В. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, профессор Уральская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

УДК:636.087.2: 636.085.51

THE USE OF WASTEWATER FROM LIVESTOCK FARMS FOR GROWING GREEN FODDER

 InRussia much attention is paid to cultivation of plants in artificial conditionswithout soil (hydroponics). In practice and scientific research for cultivationof green forage in the conditions of hydroponics, in Russia and abroadscientists use mainly artificial nutrient solutions with the optimummaintenance of biogens. Very diluted wastewater with manure, which in chemicalcomposition is brought closer to artificial nutrient solutions, is used lessoften. Upon cultivation of green forage using hydroponics both on artificialsolution, and on wastewater containing manure, the most important factor ofobtaining high content of vitamins B by stern is light. Upon cultivation ofgreen forage on artificial nutrient solutions the main role of light comes downto obtaining higher content of vitamins B for the plant. Upon cultivation ofgreen forage on livestock drains when the task of their maximum evaporation isset, the significance of light considerably increases. Data of chemicalcomposition of examined solutions show that the wastewater with manure afterhydroflushing system of manure removal are considerably stronger thanartificial nutrient solution.  Theash-content is higher almost by 4 times, the potassium level – by 8 times. Theash-content of wastewater is defined mainly by potassium, and artificialnutrient solution – substantially by calcium and magnesium. Content of ammonianitrogen substrate from the waste water containing manure is 10 times higherthan in artificial nutrient solution, which makes for 380 mg/l. Beforebiological preparation concentration of N(NH4+) it was more than 800 mg/l.Nitrate nitrogen in sewage is defined at the level of several milligrams ortraces.


Keywords:

Keywords: animal, sewage, hydropon, green fodder cultivation.


References:

1. Feedlots point category. Washington : U.S. EPA, 1974. 310 p.

2. Feedlots point category: effluent quidelines and standards // Federal register. 1974. Vol. 39. № 32. P. 57015710.

3. Water quality management and nonpoint sources of pollution // Federal register. 1976. № 672. P. 15.

4. Gires F. EPA proposes regulations for feeder operation // Feedstuffs. 1975. Vol. 47. № 48. P. 6.

5. Asonov A. M., Ilyasov O. R. Water resources and problem of a superficial drain // Transport of the Urals. 2004. № 2. P. 2030.

6. Neverova O. P., Ilyasov O. R., Zueva G. V., Sharavyev P. V. Modern methods of utilization of waste water containing manure // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2015. № 1. P. 8690.

7. Ilyasov O. R. Biological protection of water sources in agricultural reservoirs from pollution by drains of the poultry-farming entities : abstract of dis. .... dr. of biol. sciences. Yekaterinburg, 2004.

8. Sudakov V. G., Ilyasov O. R. Cleaning of poultry litter drains in poultry-farming complexes // Animal husbandry. 2005. № 6. P. 27–30.

9. Sudakov V. G., Ilyasov O. R. Superficial drains of the poultry-farming entities // Veterinary science. 2004. № 10. P. 39–42.

10. Bulatov P. B. Strategy of protection of underground waters : dis. … dr. of agr. sciences. Sverdlovsk, 1989.

11. Ezdakova L. A. Geochemical plant ecology of river Zarafshan in connection with various content of lithium : abstract of dis ... dr. of biol. sciences. L., 1973. 48 p.

12. Barber S. A. Intake of nutrients from the soil in roots of plants // Physiology and biochemistry of cultural plants. 1978. № 3. P. 209–217.

13. Petrunina N. S., Ermakov V. V., Degtyarev O. V. Geochemical plant ecology in the conditions of polymetallic biogeochemical provinces // Works of biogeochemical laboratory RAS. 1999. Vol. 23. P. 226–253.

14. Vakhmistrov D. B. Modern ideas of absorption mechanisms roots of plants // Agrochemistry. 1966. № 11. P. 130–146.

15. Ratner E. I. Food of plants and activity of their root systems // XVI Timiryazevsky readings : proc. of sc. and pract. symp. M., 1958. 86 p.

16. Pig muck gens the treatment // Farmer Weekly. 1975. № 14.

17. Pollution – a problem that affects everyone // Farmer Weekly. 1977. Vol. 36. № 14.

18. Ambergtr A. Belastung und Entlastung der Oberfluchenfewasser durch Landwirtschaft // Landwirtschaftiche Forschung. 1972. № 25. P. 13–24.

19. Blendi von H. Unweltschnik und Flussigmist  welch vorschriften bringh dil VDI-Richtinie // Landtechnik. 1976. № 31. P. 2.

20. Descamps J. Le point sur le reglamentation appliable aux batiments d'elevage // Entreprises agricole. 1977. № 88. P. 11–14.

21. Stefien G. Beteriebwirtschaftliche Auswikung der Umweltschutzes bei Geflugel und Schweinen // Deutsche Geflugelwirtschaft und Schwieneproduktion. 1975. Vol. 27. № 36. P. 898–902.

22. Berglund S. Intensive animal production and interaction with human society in Sweeden // Livestock Production Science. 1974. Vol. 1. № 2. P. 207–215.

23. Joil P. Wastes around the world // Environment. 1977. Vol. 19. № 7. P. 32–37.

24. Ceha M. Zoohigichiczhe zalozcia fagczrej utylizacji odchodow rwiezlcych // Pizeglad Hodowlahy. 1976. Vol. 44. № 6. P. 13–15.

25. Grishayev M. D. Veterinary and sanitary actions when using drains of livestock farms // Complex use of water resources : express information of CBSTI of Minvodkhoz of the USSR. M., 1975. Ser. 4. Issue 9. P. 30–39.


Download article as PDF:

8.pdf (430 KB)

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.

Bg