of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (154) 2016

Биология и биотехнологии

Донник И. М. доктор биологических наук, профессор, академик Россельхозакадемии, ректор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Ильясов О. Р. доктор биологических наук, профессор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Неверова О. П. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Шаравьев П. В. старший преподаватель Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Горелик О. В. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, профессор Уральская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

УДК:636.087.2: 636.085.51


 InRussia much attention is paid to cultivation of plants in artificial conditionswithout soil (hydroponics). In practice and scientific research for cultivationof green forage in the conditions of hydroponics, in Russia and abroadscientists use mainly artificial nutrient solutions with the optimummaintenance of biogens. Very diluted wastewater with manure, which in chemicalcomposition is brought closer to artificial nutrient solutions, is used lessoften. Upon cultivation of green forage using hydroponics both on artificialsolution, and on wastewater containing manure, the most important factor ofobtaining high content of vitamins B by stern is light. Upon cultivation ofgreen forage on artificial nutrient solutions the main role of light comes downto obtaining higher content of vitamins B for the plant. Upon cultivation ofgreen forage on livestock drains when the task of their maximum evaporation isset, the significance of light considerably increases. Data of chemicalcomposition of examined solutions show that the wastewater with manure afterhydroflushing system of manure removal are considerably stronger thanartificial nutrient solution.  Theash-content is higher almost by 4 times, the potassium level – by 8 times. Theash-content of wastewater is defined mainly by potassium, and artificialnutrient solution – substantially by calcium and magnesium. Content of ammonianitrogen substrate from the waste water containing manure is 10 times higherthan in artificial nutrient solution, which makes for 380 mg/l. Beforebiological preparation concentration of N(NH4+) it was more than 800 mg/l.Nitrate nitrogen in sewage is defined at the level of several milligrams ortraces.


Keywords: animal, sewage, hydropon, green fodder cultivation.


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