Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 01 (155) 2017

Биология и биотехнологии

Тромпет Г. М. кандидат технических наук, доцент Уральский федеральный университет

Александров В. А. кандидат технических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Кухарь В. С. кандидат экономических наук, доцент, директор международного научно-образовательного и маркетингового центра Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Бедыч Т. В. кандидат технических наук, доцент Костанайский инженерно-экономический университет им. М. Дулатова

УДК:664.6/7

THE QUESTION OF SAMPLING GRAIN IN A PASSIVE METHOD

The question of perfection of facilities of mechanization after cleaning up treatment is examined in this article, with thepurpose of upgrading the seminal and food grain. The priority value of graingrowing production in Russian Federation andother countries of CIS is determined by hissocial meaning fulness in the decision of problem of thereliable providing ofpopulation food, and industries of stock-raising by forage. One of backlogs of increase of production of grain is maintenanceand improvement of his seminal properties. Biologically inferior, shredded and bruised grain is the favourable environmentfor habitation and reproduction of bacteria and microorganisms. It is set that at presence of the microscopically damaged seedinsowing material, Russia and Kazakhstan have shortage annually the products of grain-crops to 3 metric centners from ahectare. Consequently, decline of degree of injuring of grain the working organs of machines for after cleaning up treatment isone of issues of the day of today that until now is not fully solved. The analysis of works of scientists is conducted to directionof decline of injuring of grain in the technological processes of machines of continuous transport that causes the necessityof development of methods of decline of injuring and sampling of grain. The receipt of reliable information is especiallyimportant about quality of grain, therefore the mechanisms for sampling requirements allowing to avoid random, systematic orrough errors are produced. Authors move forward the description of the offered method of sampling of grain to continuouslylocomotive material due to the use of centrifugal forces. The passive method of sampling consists in making of windows on thetrajectory of locomotive stream that does not prevent to the flow of technological process. The chart of experimental standardof device for sampling of grain of passive action is presented. The construction of device of passive action for sampling of grainin a continuously locomotive stream is protected by the preliminary patent of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The alpha tests of theoffered device of passive action forsampling of grain showed his capacity and high reliability.


Keywords:

postharvest treatment, noria, transportation, injury, weevil, the sampling device.


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