Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 03 (157) 2017

Технические науки

Степных Н. В. кандидат экономических наук, заведующий лабораторией Курганский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

Заргарян А. М. старший научный сотрудник Курганский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

Жукова О. А. научный сотрудник Курганский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства

УДК:633.1

COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR DESIGNING TECHNOLOGIES FOR CULTIVATION OF CROPS

 In the management of agriculture has a gap between the increased information and technical capacity of monitoring and

controlling land use and condition of agrocenosis and a backlog of information systems design technologies. Kurgan Scientific

Research Institute of Agriculture is trying to bridge the gap and use the modern possibilities of information systems not only

in monitoring but also in the design of technologies of cultivation of crops. The methodological basis for the design was the

work of leading research teams in the country, in particular, the scientists of the Siberian research Institute of agriculture and

chemicalization, all-Russian scientific research Institute of agriculture and protection of soil from erosion, which developed the

methodology of designing of basic elements of adaptive-landscape system of agriculture. Design of technologies of cultivation

of agricultural crops is based on the generic technologies developed in the Kurgan research Institute for agrolandscape zones of

the Kurgan region. In designing a previously created computer program is used to receive e-cards and history books of fields,

control techniques and field work. It is suggested to group the fields into homogeneous groups using cluster analysis, pictures

and spectral imagery, indices, NDVI, mapping yield using GIS. The program allows you to calculate resource requirements and

cost-effectiveness of technologies. Drafting was dominated by an integrated approach: in addition to the program for the design

of technology, the authors created a program for creating electronic maps and books of fields history, monitoring techniques

and technologies. The software package of Kurgan Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture for the design of technologies

of cultivation of agricultural crops is one of the variants of the connection of scientific knowledge with modern geoinformation

technology, which can significantly increase the speed and validity of design technologies, calculation and technological cards,

to exercise operational control of their performance and thereby improve the quality and efficiency of the management of the

farming system.


Keywords:

developed computer software to create electronic maps and books of fields history, monitoring techniques and technologies of cultivation of agricultural crops, knowledge on the farming system and the databases, agronomic and economic parameters of technol


References:

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of heterogeneous factors in the system and cognitive analysis and the Eidos system // Scientific Bulletin of Kuban

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AgroGuide/quick/Default.html.

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