Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 05 (159) 2017

Биология и биотехнологии

Гуреева А. В. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт зерновых культур им. И. Г. Калиненко

Марченко Д. М. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук, заведующий отделом Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт зерновых культур имени И. Г. Калиненко

Рыбась И. А. аспирант, младший научный сотрудник Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт зерновых культур Россельхозакадемии

Романюкина И. В. старший научный сотрудник Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт зерновых культур

Гричаникова Т. А. ведущий научный сотрудник Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт зерновых культур

УДК:633. 11: 631. 52

PRODUCTIVITY AND PARAMETERS OF ADAPTABILITY OF NEW VARIETIES OF WINTER SOFT WHEAT GROWN AFTER PEAS AND SUNFLOWER

 In the southern part of the Rostov region 13 varieties of winter soft wheat have been studied according to such forecrops

as peas and sunflower. During the years of study (2014–2016) the average productivity of winter soft wheat varieties varied

from 53.0 to 69.4 c/ha (the varieties ‘Ermak’ and ‘Lidiya’ respectively), and its variability largely depended on the forecrops.

The productivity of the varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Krasa Dona’, ‘Volnitsa’, ‘Volny Don’ and ‘Zhavoronok’ grown after peas was on

2.0–2.8 c/ha higher than the standard variety with the average yield of 0.9–1.7 c/ha. The productivity of the varieties ‘Lidiya’,

‘Lilit’ and ‘Volny Don’ grown after sunflower was on 5.4–10.6 c/ha higher than the standard variety with the average yield

of 1.3–6.5 c/ha. The factor ‘year’ produced its largest effect on the change of productivity (58.2%), then the interaction of the

factors ‘forecrop–year’ (21.6%), then the factor ‘forecrop’ (7,3%), that allowed determining the parameters of adaptability.

The varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Volnitsa’ and ‘Zhavoronok’ grown after peas and the varieties ‘Lidiya’, ‘Volny Don’ grown after

sunflower belong to the varieties with high indexes of homeostasis and low coefficients of variability. The varieties ‘Lidiya’,

‘Lilit’, ‘Volnitsa’, ‘Volny Don’ and ‘Zhavoronok’ grown after peas turned to be genetically flexible genotypes. The varieties

‘Don 107’, ‘Lidiya’, ‘Volnitsa’ and ‘Zhavoronok’ turned to be stress resistant. The varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Krasa Dona’ and ‘Volny

Don’ turned to be highly responsive. The varieties ‘Don 107’, ‘Lidiya’, ‘Lilit’, ‘Volnitsa’ and ‘Zhavoronok’ showed their

plasticity and adaptability. The varieties ‘Lilit’, ‘Volnitsa’ and ‘Zhavoronok’ grown after peas have been selected according

to the complex of the parameters of adaptability and productivity. The varieties ‘Lidiya’, ‘Lilit’ and ‘Volny Don’ grown after

sunflower showed their stress resistance, genetic flexibility, plasticity and stability in productivity.


Keywords:

winter wheat, homeostasis, stress resistance, genetic flexibility, plasticity, stability.


References:

1. Gromova S. N., Skripka O. V., Podgorny S. V. Productivity and stability of winter soft wheat varieties to lodging

and powdery mildew in the Rostov region // Agrarian Science of Euro-North-East. 2016. № 4. P. 4–8.

2. Rybas I. A. Improvement of adaptability in the grain crop breeding // Agricultural Biology. 2016. Vol. 51. № 5.

P. 617–626.

3. Rybas I. A. Adaptive potential of winter soft wheat varieties in the southern part of the Rostov region : dis. …

cand. of agr. sc. Zernograd, 2016. 162 p.

4. Samofalov A. P. The change of the principal economic-valuable traits and properties of winter soft wheat in the

breeding process : abstract of dis. … cand. of agr. sc. Rassvet, 2003. 23 p.

5. Dospekhov B. A. Methodology of a field trial (with the basis of statistic processing of study results) / 5th ed.,

appr. and add. M. : Aliyans, 2014. 351 p.

6. Khangildin V. V., Litvinenko N. A. Homeostasis and adaptability of winter wheat cultivars // Scientific and

technical Bulletin of VSGI. 1981. № 1. P. 8–14.

7. Rosielle A. A., Hamblin J. Theoretical aspects of selection for yield in stress and non–stress environments //

Crop Science. 1981. № 6. Р. 943–948.

8. Goncharenko A. A. About adaptedness and ecological stability of grain crop varieties // Gazette of RAAS. 2005.

№ 6. Р. 49–53.

9. Eberhart S. A., Russell W. A. Stability parameters for comparing varieties // Crop science. 1966. № 1. Р. 36–40.

10. Rybas I. A., Gureeva A. V. Assessment of adaptive features of cultivars and lines of winter wheat on productivity

// Works of KubSAU. 2014. № 50. P. 96–101.


Download article as PDF:

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.

Bg