Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 08 (162) 2017

Биология и биотехнологии

Логвиненко Л. А. научный сотрудник Ордена Трудового Красного Знамени Никитский ботанический сад – Национальный научный центр РАН

ПЛУГАТАРЬ Ю. В. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, член-корреспондент РАН, директор Ордена Трудового Красного знамени Никитский ботанический сад – Национальный научный центр РАН

ШЕВЧУК О. М. доктор биологических наук, заведующий лабораторией Ордена Трудового Красного знамени Никитский ботанический сад – Национальный научный центр РАН

УДК:577.13:582.929

SPECIES OF THE GENUS PRUNELLA L. AS SOURCES OF VALUABLE BIOLOGICALLY ACTIVE SUBSTANCES

 In order to search for new sourcesof medicinal raw materials, an introductory and biochemical study of theaboveground mass of natural plant species is conducted in the NikitskyBotanical Garden. The article presents the results of a primary introductorystudy of Prunella grandiflora (L.) Jack., P. laciniata (L.) L. and P. vulgarisL. – valuable sources of phenolic compounds – in the Southern coast of the Crimea. High plant survival rate and seed germinationtestify the prospects of introduction of these species and its furtherindustrial cultivation in this region.

Phenolic compounds of the studiedspecies are represented by hydroxycinnamic acids (chlorogenic, coffee androsemary acids) and flavonols (rutin and quercetin-3-O-glucoside). The ratio ofthese compounds to the flowering phase is characterized by a significantpredominance of the first one (45.83 mg/g in comparison with 19.6 mg/g), whilein the fruiting phase they are almost in equal amounts – 11.41 and 11.20 mg/g.The dominant component of phenolic compounds is rosmarinic acid, theconcentration of which is determined within 91.6–92.3% of the amount ofhydroxycinnamic acids. The highest concentration of rosmarinic acid wasobserved at Prunella vulgaris (41.98 mg/g) in the mass flowering phase. To thephase of seed ripening in subtropical climate conditions a decrease in theamount of rosmarinic acid in the above-ground mass of this species is observedalmost at 5 times.

The content of phenolic compounds(and in particular rosmarinic acid) in the aboveground mass of Prunellagrandiflora and P. vulgaris species growing in natural phytocenoses of theCrimea and the Caucasus makes it possible to talk about their value as sourcesof biologically active substances.


Keywords:

introduction, collection of medicinal plants, Prunella vulgaris L., Prunella grandiflora (L.) Jack., rosmarinic acid.


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