Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 09 (163) 2017

Биология и биотехнологии

Логвиненко Л. А. научный сотрудник Ордена Трудового Красного Знамени Никитский ботанический сад – Национальный научный центр РАН

УДК:582. 776. 2 (477. 75)

MYRTUS COMMUNIS L. IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE SOUTHERN COAST OF CRIMEA

 A comparative study of the Myrtus communis L. essential-oil upon coppice and perennial cultivation in fresh and air-dry raw

material was held for the first time in conditions of southern coast of Crimea (SCC). The mass fraction of essential oil in the

fresh leave was 1.45 times higher in coppice culture. Crimean oil has very high aromatic indicators of the chemical constants,

which is significantly higher than its counterparts (Azerbaijan, Spain). Our research found that the composition of Myrtus oil is

represented by 7 groups of terpenic compounds, 4 of which are basic: the esters, hydrocarbons, oxides and alcohols. This plant

is particularly valuable for humans as medicines and cosmetics. However, until now, even in the subtropical coastal areas of

southern coast of Crimea this culture has not been widespread, due to the freezing of annual growth of vegetative shoots. Using

the Myrtus ability to regenerate, we proposed coppice form of cultivation, which would enable to avoid the negative impact of

low temperature and receive raw materials containing valuable essential oil. The dominant component in raw and air-dry leaves

is myrcenyl acetate. Its concentration ranged from 27.0 to 35.4 % of the total weight of the components, and then in descending

order there were the following: 1.8-cineol, limonene, linalool, α-pinene, geranyl acetate, α-terpineol, linalyl acetate. Qualitative

changes of the chemical composition of Myrtle oil compared to the long form of its cultivation have not been identified.


Keywords:

myrtle, Myrtus communis L., essential oil, component composition, coppice crops, permanent crops


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