Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 11 (165) 2017

Биология и биотехнологии

Карпухин М. Ю. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук, доцент, декан факультета Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Гладышева Т. И. аспирант, заведующий, мастер сельскохозяйственного производства Уральский государственный аграрный университет, Свердловский Госсортоучасток защищенного грунта, ООО Агрофирма «Уральская»

Юрина А. В. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, профессор, заслуженный агроном РСФСР, почетный работник высшего профессионального образования РФ, почетный академик Международной академии аграрного образования Уральский государственный аграрный университет

УДК:635.63 : 631.524

DOMESTIC SELECTION OF HETEROTIC HYBRIDS OF CUCUMBER AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF THEIR CULTIVATION IN THE CROP COMBINATION OF GREENHOUSES IN CENTRAL URAL MOUNTAINS

 The articlepresents a study on the new heterotic hybrids of cucumber of domestic selectionin the crop combinations of winter greenhouses on Central Ural Mountains. It isestablished that in the conditions of Central Ural Mountains more than 80 % ofthe areas of greenhouses are occupied with cucumber as its cultivation in theopen ground on Central Ural Mountains is complicated by climatic conditions. Agricultureneeds local varieties bred in the conditions of the Urals and adapted for sharpfluctuations of temperature, steady against widespread strains of diseases andwreckers. Increase in production of cucumbers suitable for consumption can bepossible due to expansion of the areas of the protected soil, or due to the developmentof new and more effective technologies. The sharp raising of productivity canbe achieved through introducing new heterotic hybrids which are already developedand annually appearing. According to the results of three-year researches, the cultivationof high-yielding cucmber hybrids in the crop rotations of greenhouses inCentral Ural Mountains allows to receive in a year 100,2–105,2 with kg/sq.m of cucumbersin all months except for three autumn months – September, October, November.This “window” can be overcome by lengthening the spring and summer turns forthe period September-October and earlier beginning since November – autumn ofwinter crop rotation. Economic assessment of cultivation of hybrids of acucumber showed that in a winter and spring crop rotations were allocated thefollowing way: the high-yielding hybrid of F1 Legkoatlet (the Uralselection) provided the highest profit of 580 rub./m2, profitabilityof 97 %; seedless hybrid of F1 Evgenia – with the profit of 200 rub./m2at profitability of 24 %; in spring and summer rotation F1 Evergreenhybrid with the profit of 844 rub./m2, at profitability of 148 %; inautumn and winter rotation – F1 Effect with the profit of 495 rub./m2,with profitability of 100 %.


Keywords:

cucumber, heterotic hybrids, crop rotation, winter greenhouses, productivity, economic efficiency, prime cost, profit, profitability, mellittophilae hybrids, seedless hybrids.


References:

1. Yurina A. V., Karpukhin M. Yu., Gladysheva T. I., Krivobokov V. I. Year-round cultivation of hybrids of a cucumber in cultural turnover of greenhouses of the Middle Urals Mountains : monograph. Ekaterinburg, 2017. 128 p.

2. Karpukhin M. Yu., Yurina A. V., Kirsakov Yu. A., Kiveleva T. V., et al. Method of growing plants in a greenhouse. Patent for the invention RUS 2299539 11.10.2005.

3. Baikin Yu. L., Karpukhin M. Yu., Yurina A. V., Fedorov A. N. Expanded clay soil for growing plants. Patent for invention RUS 2290388 25.03.2005.

4. Karpukhin M. Yu. Efficiency of the diatomite of the Kamyshlovsky deposit of the Sverdlovsk Region as a substrate for the cultivation of vegetable crops // Actual problems of the development of biotechnology : proc. of the international scient. and pract. conf. 2013. P. 98–101.

5. Karpukhin M. Yu. Vegetables on the note // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2010. № 12. P. 102.

6. Voronin B. A., Karpukhin M. Yu. The state and prospects of the development of gardening in the "City of Yekaterinburg" // Jubilee readings : proc. of the All-Russian scient. and pract. conf., dedicated to the 80th anniversary of professors Yurina A. V. and Kotova L. A. Ekaterinburg, 2009. P. 23–27.

7. Yurina A. V., Krivobokov V. I. Scientific substantiation and technology of cucumber growing in unheated greenhouses of the Middle Urals. Ekaterinburg, 2008.

8. Karpukhin M. Yu., Yurina A. V., Krivobokov V. I. Method of growing cucumber in spring greenhouses. Patent for the image RUS 2391813 01.12.2008.

9. Yurina A. V., Karpukhin M. Yu., Krivobokov V. I. Selection of parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumber for spring greenhouses in the Middle Urals // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2011. № 3. P. 17–19.

10. Karpukhin M. Yu., Yurina A. V. Selection of parthenocarpic hybrids of cucumber for spring greenhouses in the Middle Urals // Jubilee readings : Jubilee readings : proc. of the All-Russian scient. and pract. conf., dedicated to the 80th anniversary of professors Yurina A. V. and Kotova L. A. Ekaterinburg, 2009. P. 54–61.

11. Karpukhin M. Yu., Yurina A. V., Chusovitina K. A. Increase in the production of vegetables of open and protected soil and potatoes in the agro-industrial complex of the Sverdlovsk Region : methodical instructions. Ekaterinburg, 2016. 39 p.

12. Karpukhin M. Yu., Yurina A. V. Technology of cucumber growing in spring unheated greenhouses in the Middle Urals : textbook. Ekaterinburg, 2016. 21 p.

13. Yurina A. V., Krivobokov V. I., Gizzatullina U. E., Karpukhin M. Yu. Influence of intraspecies cucumber plants (CUCUMIS SATIVUS) on the manifestation of sex in maternal forms // Works of the V Anniversary international scientific and practical conference dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the birth of an outstanding scientist and teacher, doctor of agricultural sciences, professor, Honored Scientist of the RSFSR Nikolai Fedorovich Konyaev. Ural State Agrarian University, 2016. P. 230–233.


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