of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 11 (165) 2017


Смирных С. Н. кандидат экономических наук, доцент Уральский государственный экономический университет

Потапцева Е. В. кандидат экономических наук, доцент Уральский государственный экономический университет



 The agrarian sectorof Russia is operating under conditions complicated by sanctions imposed by theUSA, Canada, EU countries, Australia and other countries, as well as counterembargo on supply of agricultural products, raw materials and foodstuffs fromthese countries. It required the realignment of the agrarian and food policy inorder to implement the import substitution concept. But in 2016 the agrarianpolicy of Russia changed its direction - from import substitution tostimulating the export of agricultural products and food. The new agrarianpolicy of Russia is oriented toward making the Russian agriculture competitivein the world food market. And this requires higher effectiveness of theagrarian production. The aim of the research is to conduct an empiricalanalysis of regional agricultural models in Russia. Thebasis for our research was the data of theFederal State Statistics Service, of the Ministry of Agriculture of the RussianFederation and of the Information System “SPARK-Interfax”. To complete theresearch tasks, we used the methods of comparative, statistic and clusteranalysis, matrixing. The research involved several stages. First, we analyzedthe spatial unevenness of Russia’s agriculture. Then, we identified theregional agricultural models in 2015, when the agrarian policy of the RFchanged its direction from import substitution to stimulating the export ofagricultural products and food. Finally, we substantiated the necessity toadapt the agrarian policy of Russia to interregional specifics. This willstimulate further growth of efficiency in the agriculture of Russia.


regional agriculture models, agrarian policy, import substitution policy, stimulating the export of agricultural products, high-performance job.


1. Altukhov A. I., Drokin V. V., Zhuravlev A. S. From the Food Sovereignty Ensuring Strategy to the Strategy of Improving the Agro-Food Complex Competitiveness // Economy of Region. 2016. № 3. Р. 852–864.

2. Barsukova S. Yu. Regions Unsuitable for Agriculture (or How Russia, Being a Member of the WTO, Intends Helping Its Agriculture) // ECO. 2014. № 3. Р. 89–104.

3. Borodin K. The impact of the embargo and sanction on the agri-food markets in the Russia: Analysis of consequences // Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2016. №4. Р. 124–143.

4. The State Program of Agriculture Development and Regulation of Agricultural Production Markets, Raw Materials and Food Supply for 2013-2020 years. Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation: the official website. URL :

5. Information System «SPARK-Interfax». URL :

6. Korotchenya V. Technical efficiency of the Russian agriculture // Voprosy Ekonomiki. 2016. № 4. P. 144–155.

7. Lipkovich E. I. Import Substitution and Modernization of Agriculture // AIC: Economy, Management. 2016. № 8. Р. 4–18.

8. Mikheyeva N. N. Workforce Productivity in Russian Regions: Comparative Analysis // Region: Economics and Sociology. 2015 № 2. Р. 86–112. DOI: 10.15372/REG2015060.

9. Polushkina Т. М. Rural Development of Russia in the conditions of New Global Challenges and Threats // Fundamental Research. 2016. № 2. Р. 609–613.

10. Semin A. N., Maltsev N. V., Kargapoltseva N. A., Kucherov A. S. (2015). To the Question of Forming of the State Support in Agro-industrial Complex // Agrofood Policy of Russia. 2015. № 2. Р. 5–9.

11. Trubina I. O. Reproductive Aspects of Agriculture: from Recovery to Development // Economics: Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow. 2016. № 5. Р. 97–109.

12. Ushachev I. G. Scientific Problems of Import Substitution and Forming the Export Potential of Products in Agro-industrial Complex of Russia // AIC: Economy, Management. 2016. № 1. Р. 4–21.

13. Ushachev I. G. Strategic Guidelines of Sustainable Social and Economic Development of Agro-industrial Complex of Russia / Report at the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (March 28, 2017, Moscow). M.: VNIIESKH (All-Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Economics), 2017. 31 pp.

14. Federal State Statistics Service of Russia. URL :

15. Epstein D. What economic policy does solve agriculture problems? // Economics of Agriculture of Russia. 2015. № 11. Р. 18–23.

16. Gindele N., Kaps S., Doluschitze R. Betriebliche Möglichkeiten im Umgang mit dem Fachkräftemangel in der Landwirtschaft // Berichte über Landwirtschaft. Zeitschrift für Agrarpolitik und Landwirtschaft. 2016. Band 94, Heft 1. DOI:

17. Kraatz S. The Russian embargo: Impact on the economic and employment situation in the EU // Europian Parliament. 2014. October. PE 536.291.

18. Kutlina-Dimitrova Z. The economic impact of the Russian ban: a CGE analysis // Europian Commission. Trade. Chief Economist Note. 2015. Iss. 3.

19. Smirnykh S., Potaptseva E., Skvortsova I. High-Performance Jobs in Agriculture as Sustainable Development Factor of Russian Regions. In Proceedings of 17th International Joint Conference «Central and Eastern Europe in the Changing Business Environment» (University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic, May 26, 2017). Bratislava : EKONOM, 2017. P. 230-244.

20. Smutka L., Spicka J., Ishchukova N., Selby R. Agrarian Import Ban and Its Impact on the Russian and European Union Agrarian Trade Performance // Agricultural Economics – Czech. 2016. № 62. Р. 493–506.

21. Svatoš M., Smutka L., Ishchukova N. The Position of Agriculture in the Russian Federation - the Last Two Decades Development Overview // Agricultural Economics – Czech. 2014. № 60. Р. 489–502.

22. Wegren S. K. Russia’s Food Policies and Foreign Policy // Demokratizatsia: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization. 2010. № 3. P. 189–207.

Download article as PDF:

16.pdf (530 KB)

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.