Аграрный вестник Урала № 03 (170) 2018Биология и биотехнологии
ISOLATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF BOVINE PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS TYPE 3 FROM WATER BUFFALOES (A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE)
Paramyxoviruses – known pathogens of the CNS andrespiratory systems of many host species. In the last few decades, there arequite a lot of new paramyxoviruses that cause devastating diseases in variousaquatic and terrestrial animals, including humans. Parainfluenza virus type 3(PIV3) is an elliptic, single-stranded, negative-polar RNA virus of the genusRespiralirus, of the family Paramyxoviridae. Respiralirus genus includes theviruses of human parainfluenza type 1 and 3 (respectively, HPIV1 and HPIV3),Sendai virus (murine PIV1) and parainfluenza virus-3 (BPIV3). In some cases,when the animals are subjected to high stress loads, infection with BPIV3 cancontribute to tissue damage and immunosuppression that leads to severebronchopneumonia from secondary bacterial infections. Parainfluenza virus type 3(PIV3) was isolated from dairy buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) naturally affectedwith respiratory and reproductive clinical conditions. Examination of nasal andvaginal swabs collected from 12 diseased buffaloes led to the isolation ofthree paramyxovirus isolates from two animals. Antigenic, morphological andbiological characteristics of these three isolates were essentially similar tothose of members of the Paramyxoviridae family. Antigenic analysis bydirect immunofluorescence and cross neutralization test placed these isolates together with bovine parainfluenza virus type 3(BPIV3). Nucleotide and amino acid phylogenetic analysis of partial matrix genesequences of the buffalo isolates and six field BPIV3 isolates from bovines inArgentina were studied. Buffalo isolates were similar to genotype B (BPIV3b)while the six BPIV3 isolates were similar to genotypes A (BPIV3a) and C(BPIV3c).This is the first characterization of BPIV3 in water buffalo.According to the samples analyzed, in Argentina, the genotype B was found inbuffalo and the genotypes A and C were found in cattle.
parainfluenza-3 cattle, acute respiratory viral infections, buffalo, phylogenetic analysis, epidemiology, sequencing, isolates, genotype.
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