of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 03 (170) 2018

Биология и биотехнологии

Лоретц О. Г. ректор, доктор биологических наук, профессор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Неверова О. П. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Мухамедьярова Л. Г. аспирант Уральская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

Быкова О. А. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, доцент, начальник управления по научно-исследовательской работе Уральский государственный аграрный университет

В. Р. ЯРМУХАМЕТОВА старший преподаватель Уральский государственный аграрный университет

УДК:УДК [636.22/.28:616.015.348]:636.087.8


Adaptation ofthe organism to inadequate environmental conditions is one of the mostimportant and unsolved problems for both biology and veterinary medicine. Theintensive mobilization of the most important systems of the body ensures themaintenance of homeostasis or adaptation to the action of unfavorableenvironmental factors that lead to disruption of the functions of vitalsystems, and as a result to various functional disorders and a decrease inresistance. The article presents data on the study of the protein bloodspectrum of the calves of the early postnatal period under the conditions ofthe technogenic agroecosphere against the background of the probioticpreparation «MUZINOL»-extra. This preparation, enriched with chitosan, promotesan increase in the total protein content by 40.78 and 40.71 % (p < 0.001)and the albumin fraction by 54.76 and 55.12 % (p < 0.001) against thebackground decrease in the globulin fraction. The use of the probiotic «MUZINOL»-extrahad a significant effect on the activity of aspartate aminotransferase in theblood of experimental bovines. So, by the 90th day of the experiment, theconcentration of aspartate aminotransferase reached the level of 1449.21 (2nd group)and 1456.28 nkat/l (3rd group), which is 5.13 and 5.65 % (p < 0.05)indicators. There were no significant differences in the activity of alanineaminotransferase in the blood serum of animals of the 2nd and 3rd groups. Atthe same time, in the telochex of the control group, a gradual increase in theactivity of alanine aminotransferase occurred throughout the experimentalperiod. The obtained data on the study of individual biochemical parameters ofthe calves show that the use of the probiotic «MUZINOL»-extra enriched withchitosan has a positive effect on the state of protein metabolism of youngcattle of the dairy growing period under conditions of technogenesis.


heifers, blood, heavy metals, probiotic preparations, adaptive possibilities, technogenic agroecosphere.


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