Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 04 (171) 2018

Биология и биотехнологии

Старицына И. А. кандидат геолого-минералогических наук Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Беличев А. А. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук Уральский государственный аграрный университет

УДК:332.234.4:622

ANALYSIS OF THE SVERDLOVSK REGION’ DISTURBED LANDS USE

Five mining objectslocated on the territory of Sverdlovsk region were analyzed. These objectsrepresent good examples of disturbed areas. The territories of thePyshminsky-Klyuchevskoe and Berezovsky mining submittings are used for activebuilding development at the present time. These towns are the satellites ofEkaterinburg city. Former mining submitting areas of Levikhinsky, Bulanash andDegtyarsk fields were abandoned and currently require large economicinvestments for remediation and elimination of environmental harm. Disturbedlands of the Sverdlovsk region amount is 2.7 % of the total area of the subjectof the Russian Federation (19 43,07 sq. km). Comparative analysis of landuse showed a negative trend. The amount of lands disturbance in the Sverdlovsk region ishigher than in neighboring regions due to the high rate of economicdevelopment. In the Tyumen and Kurgan regions, the proportion of reserve landis higher than the share of the industrial lands. The most comparable resultscan be obtained by comparing the Sverdlovsk and Chelyabinsk regions. Disturbedlands are present on the industrial lands and agricultural lands with the equaldegree. In Sverdlovskregion the main negative land processes are chemical contamination and landdisturbance. The analysis of the disturbed territories’ building developmentshows that despite of the economic benefits, the multi-storey residentialbuilding can not be used on these areas like it takes place in Berezovsky andVerkhnyaya Pyshma. It is necessary to impose the restrictions to the townplanning regulations for these territories and use these areas for low-riseconstructions or recreation. The economic development degree of the settlementshould not increase the risk of technogenic catastrophes.


Keywords:

Sverdlovsk region, the mining submitting, land resources, ecology, disturbed lands, the land reserve.


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