Аграрный вестник Урала № 06 (173) 2018Экономика
AGRARIAN REFORM AS AN INSTITUTIONAL BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Modernagrarian reform in the Russian Federation was launched in 1991. An importantdirection of agrarian reform is the reformation of land relations in order tocreate equal opportunities for the development of various forms of landmanagement and its rational use. Land may be either state-owned orcollectively-owned or privately-owned. Land reform has thus eliminated thestate monopoly in this sphere. Privatization of the third agricultural sectoris an integral part of the agrarian reform. Transformation of the enterprisesof the processing industry, preparations, storage, logistics and service had tobe carried out with direct and active participation of rural producers. It isimportant that they have a controlling stake (51 %) of privatized enterprises inthis sector of agriculture and could influence the promotion of agriculturalproducts from producer to final consumer, could participate in the formationand distribution of profits. Unfortunately, privatization was carried out hereon another option, in which the controlling stake remained with the laborcollective.
agrarian reform, land reform, entrepreneurship, privatization, market economy, agriculture, commodity producers.
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