Аграрный вестник Урала № 09 (176) 2018Биология и биотехнологии
THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE ORGANIZATION OF BREEDING WORK AND FEEDING ANIMALS
The use of information technology in agricultural production, especially in livestock, provides an increase in labor productivity
of livestock farmers, increases the productivity of animals, facilitates the recording and analysis of indicators. To conduct
pedigree accounting and control of selection work, all tribal organizations use the computer program “SELEKS”. For loose
cattle, a number of programs have been developed to facilitate the recording and control of the herd. The most informative is
the program “Afifarm”, developed in Israel. One of the first computer programs for animal husbandry is a program for calculating
and balancing animal rations. Currently, countries with developed dairy cattle use their own programs. In Russia, the “Ration”
program, developed at the “Plinor” firm, is applied. Selection work with a herd of cattle when using programs is greatly
simplified, since the database has a complete description, ranging from pedigree and ending with indicators of productivity,
health, and reproduction over the entire life span of each animal. When carrying out cattle grading, considerable attention is
paid to the linear assessment of animals. Eye evaluation of animals on the exterior is carried out in first-calf cows from the 30th
to the 150th day of lactation. At the same time, 20 exterior indicators are estimated on a 5-point scale. The results are entered
into the program database, and the exterior profile of the animal is automatically determined. The use of information technologies
contributes to an increase in the labor productivity of specialists, greatly facilitates their work and, ultimately, allows to
increase the productivity and safety of animals and improve the breeding process.
computer, breeding work, management system, hunting, diet, nutrition.
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