Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 09 (176) 2018

Биология и биотехнологии

Гридина С. Л. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, главный научный сотрудник Уральский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства

Гридин В. Ф. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, профессор, главный научный сотрудник Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Лешонок О.И. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук Уральский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства

УДК:378.147

THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN THE ORGANIZATION OF BREEDING WORK AND FEEDING ANIMALS

 The use of information technology in agricultural production, especially in livestock, provides an increase in labor productivity

of livestock farmers, increases the productivity of animals, facilitates the recording and analysis of indicators. To conduct

pedigree accounting and control of selection work, all tribal organizations use the computer program “SELEKS”. For loose

cattle, a number of programs have been developed to facilitate the recording and control of the herd. The most informative is

the program “Afifarm”, developed in Israel. One of the first computer programs for animal husbandry is a program for calculating

and balancing animal rations. Currently, countries with developed dairy cattle use their own programs. In Russia, the “Ration”

program, developed at the “Plinor” firm, is applied. Selection work with a herd of cattle when using programs is greatly

simplified, since the database has a complete description, ranging from pedigree and ending with indicators of productivity,

health, and reproduction over the entire life span of each animal. When carrying out cattle grading, considerable attention is

paid to the linear assessment of animals. Eye evaluation of animals on the exterior is carried out in first-calf cows from the 30th

to the 150th day of lactation. At the same time, 20 exterior indicators are estimated on a 5-point scale. The results are entered

into the program database, and the exterior profile of the animal is automatically determined. The use of information technologies

contributes to an increase in the labor productivity of specialists, greatly facilitates their work and, ultimately, allows to

increase the productivity and safety of animals and improve the breeding process.


Keywords:

computer, breeding work, management system, hunting, diet, nutrition.


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