Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 09 (176) 2018

Биология и биотехнологии

Петрова О. Г. доктор ветеринарных наук, профессор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Бадова О. В. кандидат ветеринарных наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Речкалов Д. Н. директор Уральский центр мониторинга систем комплексной безопасности

УДК:619:616.9:639.3

EPIZOOTOLOGICAL MONITORING OF INFECTIOUS AND PARASITIC DISEASES OF FISH, SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF DEVELOPING A SYSTEM OF MONITORING THE STATE OF SURFACE WATER OF SMALL PONDS

A comparativeanalysis of the epizootic situation in fish farms and fishing reservoirs of theRussian Federation showed differences in the figures for 2000 from 2014. By2014, the number of fish farms and items surveyed increased by almost 3 times.At the same time, the number of farms unfavorable for fish diseases decreasedby more than 4 times. Analysis of the given veterinary data on the problems offish farms and fishing reservoirs suggests that infectious and invasivediseases of fish have the largest share. The study of fish pathologies in fishfarms and fishing reservoirs showed the prevalence of some invasive diseases.An analysis of the epizootic situation in fish farms and fish reservoirs inRussia showed significant positive changes over the years from 2000 to 2014:the number of disadvantaged farms as a whole and for individual fish diseasesdecreased with an increase in the number of farms examined. In fish farms,parasitic diseases are more often diagnosed: botriocefolez, caviosis,phylometrociasis. In fish ponds, pathogens of diphyllobotriosis andopisthorchiasis that are dangerous to humans are recorded, which is especiallyimportant to know for the timely prevention of possible infection by heattreatment of fish. Infectious diseases of fish are less common, but the damagefrom them is very significant. The use of a complex of antiepizootic measures,the main element of which is epizootic monitoring, gives a positive result. Thestrategic decision is the course adopted by the International Epizootic Bureau(OIE) on the use of epizootological monitoring in order to prevent diseases offish and other aquatic organisms.


Keywords:

fish farming, epizootological monitoring, infectious, non-communicable and invasive diseases of fish, Ural


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