Аграрный вестник Урала № 11 (178) 2018Биология и биотехнологии
THE EXPERIENCE OF USING OF EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA IN EMERGENCY PERINEAL URETHROSTOMY IN CATS
With urolithiasis, its severe course, there may be a urological syndrome of cats (UCS). With USK, catheterization or surgery is performed. Perineal urethrostomy in cats is an operation to restore the normal outflow of urine through the urethra. The purpose of our study is to develop an optimal protocol for anesthesia and analgesia of cats when performing surgical intervention in animals during emergency surgery without a preliminary examination. During the work, the indications for the use of epidural anesthesia were substantiated, advantages and disadvantages were revealed in comparison with other methods of anesthesia, analgesia, the list of drugs for general and local anesthesia was analyzed, and the technique of epidural anesthesia was studied. The study was conducted at the Department of Infectious and Non-contagious Pathology of the Ural State Agrarian University and on the basis of the Department of Surgery of the Veterinary Clinic “Neovit”. All animals were divided into three groups. For the general anesthesia, the first group used propovet and meditin, the second group of xylazine and zoletil, the third group propovet and conducted epidural anesthesia. All animals underwent perineal urethrostomy, and then postoperative intensive treatment in a hospital. Appearance of the appetite testified to an improvement in the general condition of the animals. Initially, with an acute urinary retention, the average blood urea level was 34±2; creatinine 560±20; and potassium – 6. Normalization of blood biochemistry was observed within 10–14 days. In the third group, appetite was restored in the shortest possible time in animals, in comparison with the first and second groups. Accordingly, it can be assumed that epidural anesthesia has a beneficial effect on the further recovery of animals in the postoperative period. In the course of the study, it was proved that the use of propovet and epidural anesthesia in patients at risk group 5 helps to improve the prognosis of the disease and shorten the period of postoperative rehabilitation.
epidural anesthesia (EA), acute urinary retention (AUR), urolithiasis (ULS), urological syndrome of cats (USC), perineal urethrostomy.
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