of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (179) 2018

Биология и биотехнологии

Барашкин М. И. доктор биологических наук, профессор, декан Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Петрова О. Г. доктор ветеринарных наук, профессор Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Мильштейн И. М. кандидат ветеринарных наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Патрушев С. В. генеральный директор, ООО «ПСВ»

УДК:619:614.48 (083.133)


The unfavorable epizootological situation associated with the annualincrease in the total number of infectious diseases, the constant replenishmentof the existing nomenclature of infectious diseases due to new and returninginfections (from 1 to 3 diseases per year, against which there are no vaccines)create real threats associated not only with the involvement of a large numberof animals in this epizootological process, but also with a heavy burden ofadditional costs for the state. Non-specific prevention due to the lack ofvaccines against the absolute majority of infections plays a crucial role ineliminating the outbreak and further stopping the spread of infectiousdiseases. Disinfection is of great importance among all veterinary and sanitarymeasures aimed at preventing or eliminating infectious diseases of animals,birds and humans, as it blocks the second link in the epizootic chain.Disinfecting objects of the environment, disinfection eliminates the factorsand mechanisms of transmission of pathogenic and opportunistic viruses andbacteria from the source of infection to the susceptible organism. Veterinaryspecialists should take into account many factors that affect the quality ofdisinfection: high contamination of air and equipment with bacteria, virusesand fungi, the presence in the biocenosis of multi-resistant strains that areresistant to most antimicrobial drugs and disinfectants. The leading role is givento the selection of disinfectants, which should have a wide microbicidalactivity, providing in low concentrations suppression of spores, bacteria,viruses, fungi, short exposure, no destructive effect on the structure, have alow cost of working solutions, be safe for people and the environment. Today,the main method of disinfection is chemical, based on the use of a wide rangeof disinfectants. One of the promising areas is the use of peroxide compounds,aerosols which meet the requirements of environmental cleanliness.


disinfection, animals, anolyte (ANK+), nonspecific prevention, veterinary objects, pathogens, decontamination, electrochemical activated solution.


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