Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (179) 2018

Биология и биотехнологии

Шилова Е. Н. доктор ветеринарных наук, руководитель лаборатории вирусных инфекций животных Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт

Соколова О. В. Кандидат биологических наук, старший научный сотрудник Уральский НИВИ институт Россельхозакадемии

Ряпосова М. В. Кандидат ветеринарных наук, доцент. Доктор биологических наук, доцент, заместитель директора Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт Россельхозакадемии

УДК:619:616.98:578.825.1

EFFECT OF VACCINATION AGAINST INFECTIOUS RHINOTRAHEITIS OF CATTLE ON THE LEVEL OF REPRODUCTION

Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis(IBR) is a significant problem for dairy cattle. Live and inactivated vaccinesagainst acute respiratory viral infections, including IBR, are used in thebreeding enterprises of the Ural region. Methods of serological screening ofantibodies using common serological diagnostic tests do not allow to estimatethe origin of antibodies to the caus­ative agent of IBR (vaccine or fieldstrain of the virus). The solution to differentiating field and vaccine strainswas the pos­sibility of using modified monovaccines against IBR. The purpose ofthis study was to assess the effect of vaccination against infectious bovinerhinotracheitis with a labeled vaccine on bovine reproduction rates. The effectof labeled vaccines on cattle reproduction rates in a dairy herd withseroprevalence to a field strain (gE) of 95 % was evaluated. It has beenestablished that with the use of labeled vaccines, the seroprevalence in theherd during the first year decreased, on average, to 53 %, during the secondyear after the start of vaccination, to 14 %. 5 years after vaccination,seroprevalence was at the level of 5%. Simultane­ously, reproduction rates wereevaluated. It was found that with the introduction of vaccination againstinfectious rhinotrache­itis, the service period for cows was reduced by 13%(from 130 to 115 days), the number of afterbirth delays by 46 % (from 21.9 to15%), the number of stillbirths –by 12, 5% (from 2.7 to 2.4 %). Theuse of monovaccines for the specific prevention of IBR makes it possible tocontrol the appearance of infectious vulvovaginitis in cows and heifers indysfunctional infectious rhinotracheitis in cattle dairy farms. The use of a labeledvaccine makes it possible to evaluate the effectiveness of the prophy­laxisbeing carried out and to monitor it at all stages of the rehabilitation offarms.


Keywords:

infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, IBR, marker vaccinаtion, antigens gE and gВ, ELISA, reproduction.


References:

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