Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 01 (180) 2019

Биология и биотехнологии

Неверова О. П. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Харлап С. Ю. преподаватель кафедры общеобразовательных дисциплин Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Камалов Р. А. доктор ветеринарных наук, профессор, главный научный сотрудник лаборатории зоогигиены и охраны окружающей среды Всероссийский научно-исследовательский институт экспериментальной ветеринарии имени К. И. Скрябина и Я. Р. Коваленко Российской академии наук

Киселев Л. Ю. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, профессор, Российский государственный аграрный заочный университет

Геманян Н. С. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, профессор Российский государственный аграрный заочный университет

Новикова Н. Н. доктор биологических наук, профессор Российский государственный аграрный заочный университет

Киселев В. Л. доктор биологических наук, профессор Российский государственный аграрный заочный университет

УДК:631.227.22:628.8

DETERMINING THE OPTIMAL MODE OF OPERATION OF THE DEVICE “AEROTON” FOR LAYING HENS

Hygienic value of aeroionization in animal husbandryconsists in the action of light negative oxygen ions on the neuromuscularregulation of physiological functions through the mucous membranes of therespiratory tract and skin. In the respiratory tract, aeroions can increase ordecrease the excitability of pulmonary interoreceptors, transmittingappropriate signals through the centers of the brain to the internal organs.The article presents the results of testing the device “Aeroton” designed toimprove the parameters of the microclimate of livestock buildings. Theprinciple of operation of the device is that with the help of a weak pulsedelectric radiation generated by a special law of the EGI, a spatial zone ofactivation and protection of biological objects is formed between the cathodeand the anode. Waveguides in the working position are stretched in the form ofa cone. The bases and tops of the waveguides are connected to an electronicpulse generator (EPG) by connecting wires. Studies were conducted in 4 modes ofoperation of the “Aeroton”: 1 mode-around the clock; 2 mode-12 hours exposureand 12 hours break; 3 mode-3 hours exposure and 1 hour break; 4 mode – 1 hourexposure and 30 minutes break. Control group of chickens was not exposed to thedevice “Aeroton”. Studies have found that the device does not significantlyaffect the temperature and mobility of air. At the same time, in the air of thepremises where the device worked, the content of gases, dust and microorganismssignificantly decreased against the background of increasing the concentrationof negative ions. The results of studies have shown that the optimal mode ofoperation of the device “Aeroton” for laying hens is 1 hour with a 30-minutebreak during the entire period of their productive use.


Keywords:

“Aeroton”, electric field, air ions, the microclimate of the house, laying hens, productivity, and low blood counts.


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