Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 02 (181) 2019

Биология и биотехнологии

Веремеева С.А. кандидат ветеринарных наук, доцент Государственный аграрный университет Северного Зауралья

Бобкова Н. Г. Государственный аграрный университет Северного Зауралья

УДК:599.7353

MORPHOHISTOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE KIDNEY DEER OF THE TYUMEN NORTH

We studymorphohistological kidney deer of the Tyumen North. Peculiaritiesmorphohistological structure of the kidneys of reindeer in the North of Tyumen.It was found that the organs have selectivity in the accumulation of cadmium:kidneys → lungs → liver. The content of cadmium in the lungs exceeds the MCL in2.2 times. The increased concentration of cadmium in the lungs indicates theimportance of the inhalation method of this metal in the body. As a result oflong-term chronic poisoning, the kidneys collect the main part of the totalcadmium content in the body, and the renal cortex becomes the main target forthis toxicant. According to the degree of accumulation of lead in the organsestablished the following pattern: lungs → kidneys → liver. Established kidneyreindeer – pair parenchymatous organ reddish-brown. Left and right kidneybean-shaped. The mass of the kidneys ranges from 170 to 200 g. the Length ofthe left kidneys from 11 to 12 cm, width 4 to 6 cm of the right kidney variesfrom 10 to 11 cm, width from 3.5 to 4.5 cm, the Average concave part of themedial region contains a gate through which enter the renal artery and nerves, andcome out of the vein and the ureter. The kidneys of a deer refers to the smoothodnolistovoe type. The histological structure and boundaries of the renalcorpuscles are preserved. Capsule and vascular tangles are clearly visible.Epithelial cells are tightly attached to the basal membrane. Proximal anddistal convoluted tubules without visible changes. Morphological andhistological structure of deer kidneys corresponds to a healthy organ.


Keywords:

reindeer, kidneys, morphology, anatomy, histology, morphometry, cadmium, lead.


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