Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 04 (183) 2019

Биология и биотехнологии

СОФРОНОВА В. Е. кандидат химических наук, старший научный сотрудник Институт биологических проблем криолитозоны Якутского научного центра СО РАН

Чепалов В. А. кандидат биологических наук, научный сотрудник Институт биологических проблем криолитозоны Якутского научного центра СО РАН

Петров К. А. доктор биологических наук, ведущий научный сотрудник Институт биологических проблем криолитозоны Якутского научного центра СО РАН

Дымова O. В. кандидат биологических наук, старший научный сотрудник Институт биологии Коми научного центра УрО РАН

Головко Т. К. доктор биологических наук, профессор, главный научный сотрудник Институт биологии Коми научного центра УрО РАН

УДК:(633.13:636.86.25) (571.56‒191.2)

GREEN AND YELLOW PIGMENTS OF SPRING OATS CULTIVATED FOR HARVESTING CRYOFODDER IN THE CONDITIONS OF CENTRAL YAKUTIA

Theinfluence of a late sowing date on the pigment content of an autumn vegetativeplant in Central Yakutia (62°15′ N, 129°37′ E) has been studied for the firsttime. The experiments were carried out using spring oat, Avena sativa L., cultivar (cv) Pokrovsky, commonly used in the preparation of cryofodder, the seeds of which were plantedaccording to the optimal (17 June) and late (25 July) sowing dates. It wasestablished that till the endof the first decade of September the content of chlorophylls (15-16 mg/g dry weight) and carotenoids (2,9mg/g dry weight) in theleaves of late sowing plants were higher by 11–13 %compared to control plants at the same phases of growth anddevelopment. Autumn decreasein temperature from the second half of September until the beginning of October (from +7…+8 °C to near-zero) led to a gradual reduction of chlorophylls (a+ b) content by 40 %. The ratio Chl a/Chl b remained almost constant, a significant increase of which wasnoted only at near-zero temperatures due to a greater degradation of Chl b than Chl a. At the same time, carotenoids showed greaterresistance to low temperatures. When green plants in the milk ripeness phase went under snow inOctober, the total carotenoid content was 2,2 mg/g dry weight. The proportion of individual carotenoids inthe total pool of yellow pigments of late sowing plants did not depend onthe phenological phases ofgrowth and development, as well as on seasonal temperature decrease. The share of β-carotene accounted for 26–30 % of the carotenoidssum, xanthophylls lutein and zeaxanthin make up 39–40 %, violaxanthin ‒ 17–21 %, neoxanthin ‒ 9–10 %, antheraxanthin ‒ 4–5 %. Losses of carotenoids did not exceed 20 % and their ratio remained almost unchanged duringwinter storage of green mass of frozen plants in rolls.


Keywords:

oats, sowing dates, autumn vegetative plants, low temperatures, cryofodder, chlorophylls, carotenoids, xanthophylls.


References:

1. Petrova L. V. Estimation of oat variety samples (Avena sativa L.) by the method of multidimensional ranking in Central Yakutia // Zemledelije. 2017. No. 5. Pp. 42–45.

2. Rumyantsev V. A., Maksimova Kh. I. Prerequisites for the production of cryofodder under the conditions of Central Yakutia // Trends in the development of science and education. 2018a. No. 44. Pp. 71–73.

3. Petrov K. A. [et al.] Eco-physiological and biochemical bases of the green cryo-feed forming in Yakutia (review) // Agricultural Biology. 2017. Vol. 52. No. 6. Pp. 1129–1138.

4. Method for producing vegetative raw materials with increased contents of carotenoids: Pat. of the Russian Federation No. 2649338 / A. A. Perk, V. A. Chepalov, V. V. Nokhsorov, L. L. Yavlovskaya, V. E. Sofronova, K. A. Petrov. Claims 2015100757/13 (001057); publ. 02.04.2018. – 9 p.

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7. Liu R., Wang T., Zhang B. et al. Lutein and zeaxanthin supplementation and association with visual function in age-related macular degeneration // Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015. Vol. 56. Pp. 252–258.

8. Sofronova V. E. [et al.] The role of pigment system of an evergreen dwarf shrub Ephedra monosperma in adaptation to the climate of Central Yakutia // Plant Physiology. 2014. Vol 61. Pp. 266–274.

9. Batalova G. A., Lisitsyn E. M., Tulyakova M. V. Estimation of oat photosynthetic apparatus state in breeding for resistance to edaphic stress // Legumes and groats crops. 2017. No. 3 (23). Pp. 43–49.

10. Kostyuk V. I. The chlorophyll index and protein collecting in the northern agrocenosis of oats // Agricultural Chemistry. 2015. No. 10. Pp. 57–62.


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