Аграрный вестник Урала № 04 (183) 2019Экономика
ANALYSIS OF THE FRONTIER REGIONS OF THE SIBERIAN FEDERAL DISTRICT OF RUSSIA BY THE LEVEL OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE REPUBLIC OF TYVA)
The articlepresents the results of cluster analysis of thirty-six border regions of theRussian Federation divided into six border areas: the Far Eastern, Mongolian,Kazakhstan, Caucasian, Ukraine-Belarusian and European. The analysis used 14indicators in terms of socio-economic development, divided into two groups:economic and social. The first group includes 10 economic indicators, and thesecond 4 main social indicators, reflecting the level and quality of life ofthe population of the region. As a result of the analysis of indicators of thelevel of socio-economic development, a taxonomic dendrogram of 36 borderregions of Russia was obtained. It was revealed that the most developed in termsof socio-economic development border regions correspond to the Kazakh andEuropean border areas, while the less developed correspond to the Mongolian andCaucasian zones. A significant factors in the development of the Kazakhstanborder zone is a developed transport infrastructure, created in Soviet timesand the membership of neighboring countries in the Customs Union. And thedevelopment of the European zone is determined by the development of theadjacent territories of our country. The border regions of the Siberian FederalDistrict are heterogeneous and dispersed in different taxa from the developedNovosibirsk region to the deeply depressed republics of Altai and Tuva. Allsubjects of the border area of the Siberian Federal District except the Tuva Republic,Trans-Baikal Territory and partly of the Altai Republic belong to theKazakhstan zone. Mongolia for the Republics of Altai and Tuva is an obstacle tothe diffusion of economic activity between China and the Siberian FederalDistrict of Russia. One of the strategic directions of development of Tuva isthe development of transport infrastructure with direct access to Chinesemarkets through Mongolia.
border region, socio-economic development, Siberian Federal District, cluster analysis, factor space.
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