Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 06 (185) 2019

Агротехнологии

Логвиненко Л. А. научный сотрудник Ордена Трудового Красного Знамени Никитский ботанический сад – Национальный научный центр РАН

УДК:582.2:581.48:631.529(477.75)

Special features of seed growth Myrtus communis L. Var. Belgica, received under the conditions of culture south beach of Crimea

The qualitative characteristics of myrtle seeds were studied depending on the duration of their storage. It was established that this crop has no rest period, the germination of freshly harvested seeds was 63 %, however, a slight rest period after harvesting provided better sowing characteristics, germination increased to 97 %, germination energy increased to 71 %, and the duration of the germination period decreased to 30 days. Storing seeds for more than one year has significantly reduced their quality indicators – energy and laboratory germination have significantly decreased by 2.0 and 1.7 times. When sowing seeds with a shelf life of two or more years, germination energy was 15 %, and germination rate was 32 %. At the varietytesting site of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden, the seeds of myrtle ordinary were formed annually and fully ripened. The period of formation and ripening is greatly extended in time and was 95–110 days. The weight of fruits from a bush aged 7 years averaged 1115 g, and the number of fruits is 2593–2608 pcs/bush. Three types of fruits were identified: small, medium and large, causing respectively 3 forms of berries: round, oval and pear-shaped. The number of seeds in them ranged from 1–4 pieces in small fruit and up to 11–16 pieces in large fruit. The most accomplished and high-quality seeds are formed in medium-sized fruits, having a germination rate of 91.0 %, a germination energy of 74.0 %, and a maximum mass of 1000 seeds – 8.20 g. High rates of germination showed seeds not purified from the pericarp. When the seeds were ripening, the myrtle had a high  moisture content – 63 % and during the whole period of storage the pericarp protected the seed from drying out.


Keywords:

myrtle, Myrtus communis L., seeds, germination, germination energy, seed storage, fruit, 1000 seed weight, seed production


References:

1. Logvinenko I. E., Isikov V. P., Logvinenko L. A. Medicinal plants of the collection of the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. – Simferopol : IT “Arial”, 2017. – 72 p.

2. Logvinenko L. A. Culture myrtle ordinary (Myrtus communis L.) in the conditions of the southern coast of Crimea // Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals. 2017. No. 9 (163). Pp. 16–24.

3. Guidelines for seed breeding introductions / Ed. by N. V. Tsitsin. – Moscow : Nauka, 1980. – 64 p.

4. Sytnik S. A., Kapelev O. I., Novikova V. M. Fruits and seed-bearing of representatives of the family Myrtaceae R. Br., introduced on the southern coast of Crimea // Questions of bioindication and ecology. 2003. Vol. 8. No. 2. Pp. 34–42.

5. Elisafenko T. V. Features of seed germination in different ecological groups of species in the Violidum section of the subgenus Viola L. (Violaceae) // Siberian Journal of Ecology. 2015. No. 4. Pp. 630–642.

6. Plugatar Yu. V., Korsakova S. P., Ilnitsky O. A. Environmental monitoring of the southern coast of Crimea. – Simferopol : IT “Arial”, 2015. – 164 p.

7. GOST 13056.6-97. Seeds of trees and shrubs. Method of determining the germination. – Moscow : IPK Publishing house of standards, 1998. – 28 p.

8. Elisafenko T. V. The study of the features of the latent period of plants on the example of species of the Mirabilis section of the Viola genus (Violaceae). Seed productivity and biology of seed germination // Flora of Asian Russia. 2012. No. 2 (10). Pp. 66–72.

9. Dospekhov B. A. Methods of field experience (with the basics of statistical processing of research results). – 5th ed., expanded and revised. – Moscow : Agropromizdat, 1985. – 351 p.

10. Voroshilov V. I. The rhythm of plant development. – Moscow : Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1960. – 136 p.

11. Nikolaeva M. G. Some results of the study of rest // Botanical journal. 1977. T. 62. No. 9. Pp. 1350–1368.

12. Nesterova S. V., Vrjosek E. V., Olishevskaya G. A. Rest and features of seed germination with an undifferentiated embryo // Fundamental and applied problems of botany at the beginning of the XXI century: materials of the All-Russian conference. 2008. Pp. 282–285.


Download article as PDF:

3.pdf (652 KB)

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.

Bg