Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 07 (186) 2019

Биология и биотехнологии

Зиновьева Н. А. профессор, академик РАН, доктор биологических наук, директор Всероссийский институт животноводства им. Л. К. Эрнста

Быкова О. А. доктор сельскохозяйственных наук, доцент, начальник управления по научно-исследовательской работе Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Харзинова В.Р. ведущий научный сотрудник, кандидат биологических наук Всероссийский институт животноводства им. Л. К. Эрнста

Костюнина О.В. ведущий научный сотрудник, доктор биологических наук, руководитель лаборатории Всероссийский институт животноводства им. Л. К. Эрнста

Карпушкина Т.В. научный сотрудник Всероссийский институт животноводства им. Л. К. Эрнста

УДК:636.4.082.2

The study of the population structure and genetic diversity of hungarian mangalica breed of pigs based on microsatellites analysis

Predominant use in the present pig breeding the breeds of European and North American origin characterized by high levels of productivity, has led to the displacement of local breeds. The study of the allele pool of pigs of the Hungarian Mangalica breed, which was on the verge of extinction, but restored by the joint efforts of various specialists up to 7,000 individuals, it is of interest in the aspect in the genetic diversity conservation of endangered and small-numbered breeds. The aim of this work was to conduct microsatellite analysis to determine the population genetic parameters of the Hungarian Mangalica breed of pigs and assessing the degree of its differentiation with respect to groups of Large White, Landrace and Duroc breeds. Analysis of using the pairwise genetic distance matrix for the FST index showed a significant differentiation of Mangalica from Large White and Duroc breeds, and at the same time, some genetic similarity with Landrace one. Thus, it has been shown that pigs of the Mangalica breed are characterized by relatively high levels of allelic and genetic diversity, and the data obtained can be used to study the parameters of the genetic diversity of small pig breeds.


Keywords:

breeds of pig, Mangalica, genetic diversity, microsatellites


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