Аграрный вестник Урала № 10 (105) 2012Экономика
The modern scientific ideas about food independence and food security at the regional and Federal levels
The state food self-sufficiency is formed by regional selfsufficiencies, regional ability to produce different types of
products. Therefore, this term is reasonable to use for assessing the current state of and forecasts of regional agri-food systems. For Russian conditions created as a result of large-scale
reform, the population food security is primarily due to the increase in food self-sufficiency that would guarantee people the
right to affordability and access to quality domestic products.
Considering the large geographic size of the country, with the
objective existing regional differences in climatic factors, population density, the level of industrial development, the absence
of effective state regulation in the agricultural sector territorial
specialization, and others factors, it is quite logically to raise
the issue of solving the problem of food security at the regional
level. In a system of independent and significant elements of
food security at the national and regional levels (physical and
economic accessibility, food independence, self-sufficiency,
etc.) the element “food self-sufficiency” should be a priority
to ensure the economic and political security of the country.
Taking the abovementioned into account, the overall conclusion
is that the definition of “food security” should reflect the national characteristics of each country — the level of economic
development, including agricultural sector, household income,
dimensions of the state etc.
food quality, domestic production, food security, agricultural production, economic security.
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