Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 06 (112) 2013

Ветеринария

Исаева А.Г. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт Россельхозакадемии

Кривоногова А. С. кандидат биологических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Баранова А. А. аспирант Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт Россельхозакадемии

УДК:631.95

Physiological and immunological parameters of animals at the accumulation of elevated concentrations of heavy metals in their organs and tissues

Anthropogenic impact on human organism and animals is increasing steadily in the industrial centers. In these cases human consumption of inferior foods, for example, containing high concentrations of heavy metals or obtained from sick animals may be an additional factor causing the development of pathological processes. And conversely, consumption of quality products can contribute to neutralize the negative effects of technogenic factors to a certain extent. According to many authors, in the present conditions of intensive development of industry soil, water, feed and air become contaminated with dangerous for animal health levels of chemical, radioactive and biological pollution. Large areas of agricultural land are contaminated with heavy metals, pesticides, household waste. For example, in the Urals region two thirds of the area of active agriculture is subjected to anthropogenic pollution, including radiation. Nevertheless, agricultural enterprises producing products of livestock and plant cultivation are located mainly around industrial centers. Development of risk assessment methodology of consequences of anthropogenic impact for agriculture is a necessary condition for the development strategy of environmental security and sustainable development of agribusiness. This problem includes questions of reliability of risk assessment, the development of fundamental research aimed at identifying of mechanisms of impact of various anthropogenic factors on agricultural ecosystems. Various anthropogenic factors (mainly xenobiotics, toxic substances, etc.) have an impact on virtually whole human organism and animals, and, most often the effect is negative. As a result of this action there are significant changes in the functions of the individual systems of the organism that manifests the appearance of atypical course of disease, the emergence of new nosological forms.

Keywords:

physiological and immunological parameters, elevated concentrations of heavy metals, anthropogenic impact, agricultural ecosystem, animals.


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