Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 08 (114) 2013

Ветеринария

Шилова Е. Н. доктор ветеринарных наук, руководитель лаборатории вирусных инфекций животных Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт

Вялых И. В. кандидат ветеринарных наук, старший научный сотрудник Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт Россельхозакадемии

Кадочников Д. М. старший научный сотрудник Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт Россельхозакадемии

Субботина О. Г. младший научный сотрудник Уральский научно-исследовательский ветеринарный институт Россельхозакадемии

УДК:619:615.28

Efficiency of application of new disinfectants in veterinary medicine

Disinfection is one of the most important parts in the overall program of prevention and control of infectious diseases in agriculture. Moreover, its effectiveness depends on development and use of disinfectants directed to the suppression of pathogenic micro-organisms in the environment. Modern disinfectants must comply with the following criteria: a wide range of bactericidal, virucidal and fungicidal activity, low toxicity for animals and personnel, lack of corrosive properties, safety for the environment, and finally low cost and convenience in use. Currently, low toxicity and safety took the first place among the conditions for the optimal use of disinfectants in livestock buildings. Another requirement for the application of disinfectants is the option to use them in the presence of animals. From these points of view chemical disinfectants are of great practical importance. Frequently used in veterinary disinfectants belong to the 2nd and 3rd classes of danger and therefore are unsafe in use as a failure in their application at any stage can result in the poisoning of animals. Recently, disinfectants from the group of organochlorine compounds and surface active agents, particularly quaternary ammonium compounds, were widely used in veterinary practice. The article presents data on testing of bactericidal and fungicidal activity, as well as toxicity of new disinfectants based on quaternary ammonium and organochlorine compounds in laboratory conditions and premises for keeping animals. A disinfectant based on organochlorine compounds turns out to be the least toxic to animals and belongs to the 4th class of danger (low toxicity), while an agent, based on quaternary ammonium compounds and another complex disinfectant, which additionally comprises glutaraldehyde, belong to the 2nd (dangerous) and 3rd (moderate dangerous) classes of danger, respectively. The quality of disinfection in the application of disinfectants tested in laboratory and premises for keeping animals was satisfactory.

Keywords:

disinfectants, bactericidal action, fungicidal action, aerosol disinfection, toxicity, quaternary ammonium compounds, organochlorine compounds, disinfection


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