Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (118) 2013Экономика
The problems of the rural population reproduction in the Urals
Narrowing of rural population reproduction and decline of its qualitative characteristics is one of the determinants
of the threat to the economic and socio-cultural security of a separate settlement, region and a country. Decline in the quality
of human resources is manifested in the deterioration of the main characteristics of the health status of regional society that
is partly a consequence of an increased economic burden on the working population put by a retired from an active economic
activity population that requires life-support and social protection. A share of the latter is rising due to the general aging
of the Russian population on the whole and in the Urals economic region in particular, the increased number of disabled and unemployed
single women with small children. These provisions relate, primarily, to a rural part of the Russian society, in our case
to the rural population of the Urals. Peculiarities of the rural way of life are connected with the peculiarities of work and life
of residents: the subordination of labor to rhythms and cycles of the year, more severe than in the city, working conditions, poor
labor mobility opportunities for residents, a large fusion of work and life, immutability and complexity of work in the household
and at farms, a set of leisure activities is limited. Revitalization of the demographic behavior of the family, realization of its
socializing function is one of the most important ways to solve social and economic problems of the modern village. Based
on sociological surveys conducted by the authors during 2008–2013 at the Institute of Economics of UB RAS actual social and
economic problems of rural families in the Urals are analyzed, their impact on demographic behavior and on formation of labor
and socio-economic characteristics of offspring.
reproduction of the population, demographic behavior, rural lifestyle, parent family, children, socialization, upbringing, life plans of youth
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