of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (118) 2013


Чистяков Ю. Ф. кандидат экономических наук, старший научный сотрудник Институт экономики Уральского отделения Российской академии наук


Evolution of the food import of Russia and the country’s entry into the WTO

 The article considers long-term tendencies of volume and structure changes of import of the most significant agricultural
raw materials and foodstuffs (grain, meat, milk) by the Russian Federation in the period 1985–2010. The quantitative and qualitative
assessment of structure changes of food import in Russia in the beginning of the 90s is given with the use of conventional
grain unit. The conclusion is drawn about the existence of two major stages of food import development in Russia. The quantitative
data say that the level of food independence of Russia for last decades has essentially decreased: the total amount
of food import expressed in conventional grain units has increased from 34.6 million tons of conventional grain units in 1985
to 47.8 million tons of conventional grain units in 2008. Later these indicators decreased. The assessment of the first changes
of food import of the country after Russia’s entry to the World Trade Organizations is also given. In 2012 total amounts of import
of various kinds of meat have increased for the first time since 2009. Volumes of dairy production and butter import have
also essentially increased. In the sphere of foreign trade activities it’s essential to use a more rational approach to development
strategy and tactics of food exports and imports, to find a balance between the necessity to provide Russian cattle breeding
with fodder and grain export opportunities. A more balanced approach to the import policy of the state is important, with a prior
focus on the protection of domestic producers interests.


food import, national food independence, conventional grain unit, WTO


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