Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 06 (124) 2014

Агрономия

Филиппова Е. А. соискатель

Мальцева Л. Т. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук

Банникова Н. Ю. старший научный сотрудник

Ефимова А. Г. заведующий лабораторией первичного семеноводства, Курганский НИИ сельского хозяйства

УДК:633.11.631.52

WINTER WHEAT IN THE URALS REGION

The important reserve of increase of grain production in the Urals region can serve as winter wheat, the advantage of which is the high potential productivity, early maturing. The instability of the harvest in years caused both biotic and abiotic factors, which can withstand adherence to recommended treatment technology, balanced mineral nutrition, the system of chemical crop protection, introduction of winter-resistant and frost-resistant varieties. In competitive testing in the Kurgan Research Institute of Agriculture winter wheat yield for 29 years has averaged 23 cwt/ha. Fluctuations in the years ranged from 5.7 kg/ha up to 63.1 kg/ha. On spring wheat during this period the yield ranged from 7.3 to 38.8 cwt/ha yield increase compared to the spring has averaged 4.0 cwt/ha. Over the last 10 years, the yield of winter wheat four times amounted to 31.5–36.5 cwt/ha, exceeding the spring 6.5–14.7 cwt per hectare, the most significant increase compared to the standard (from 3.6 to 6.0 kg/ha) showed varieties Umka, Zauralskaya winter and others. The quality of winter wheat depends on the environmental conditions during the emergence of grains. During the research period, there were considerable fluctuations indicators of the gluten’s quality of the wheat in most years correspond to second quality’s group. On sets of indicators, stable crop yields and grain quality have wintering highly resistant varieties Albina 45, Umka, Zauralskaya winter showed good results in a competitive and environmental strain testing in different points of the Ural region, with a po- tential yield from 30 to 50 t/ha, significantly exceeding the standards. To further increase the area planted winter wheat will contribute to introduction in manufacture of high-yielding varieties, combine adaptability to the conditions of wintering with other economically valuable traits, and also observance of the recommended technologies and systems for initial seed.

Keywords:

winter wheat, winter hardiness, yield, quality, resistance to diseases, cultivation technology


References:

1. Winter rye : breeding and seed technology and Recycling : materials of All-Russian scientific-practical conference.

Ekaterinburg, 2012. 174 p.

2. Artemova G. V., Ponomarenko V. I. et al. The technology of cultivation of winter crops in Western Siberia. Novosibirsk,

2013. 29 p.

3. Lazarev N. I. Influence of predecessors, fertilizers and meteorological conditions on the quality of winter wheat // Cereals.

1996. No 8.

4. Nikitin V. V., Tolstenko N. F., Savin N. A. Prediction of wet gluten content in winter wheat grain // Grain farming. 1996. No 1.

5. Bannikova N. Yu., Maltseva L. T., Filippova E. A., Efimova A. G., Semenova T. V. Winter wheat in the Urals : recommendations.

Kurtamysh, 2012. 52 p.


Download article as PDF:

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.

Bg