Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 07 (125) 2014

Агрономия

Степных Н. В. кандидат экономических наук, заведующий лабораторией Курганский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

Заргарян А. М. старший научный сотрудник Курганский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

УДК:633.1

IMPROVING THE COMPETITIVENESS OF CROP PRODUCTION DUE TO THE DIFFERENTIATED APPLICATION OF AND CONTROL OF THE CONSUMPTION OF RESOURCES

To improve the efficiency of crop important differentiation of precision application and control of resource consumption in each field, and even part of it, that requires new ways and means of production management. Fields differ in soil and agrochemical parameters, presence of weeds, pests of crop residues predecessor. For differentiating technologies must have a large amount of structured information: data on soil agrochemical parameters and fields, a history book fields. To this end, in the Kurgan Research Institute of Agriculture created a computer program “Agrokarta” with which, in addition to accounting data, you can build thematic maps, farming systems design and technology of growing crops. The database contains characteristics of soil agrochemical parameters, data on the area, crops, varieties, productivity, presence of weeds, fertilization, use of plant protection products, the timing of the manufacturing operations and other information. For each parameter, you can build a map, visually representing occupancy crops soil condition, past and planned technologies and organization of field work. For automated and remote control options technical operations institute created Geographic Information System “agricultural monitoring”, which allows you to use the terminal and sensor fix parameters of technological operations. Remote monitoring allows managers to control and parallel using a computer, tablet, smartphone to receive information about the location of the units, the parameters of technological operations performed, and when deviations over a cellular or radio to give instructions to the tractor driver to change adjustments machines.

Keywords:

cost, resources, databases, books of history fields, Institute of information technology, computer programs, maps, farming systems


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