Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 10 (128) 2014

Животноводство

Габаев М. С. Научный сотрудник лаборатории животноводства и кормопроизводства Аспирант, Кабардино-Балкарский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

Бербекова Н.В. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук, научный сотрудник, Кабардино-Балкарский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

Жашуев Ж. Х старший научный сотрудник, соискатель, лаборатория животноводства и кормопроизводства кабардино-Балкарский научно- исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства Россельхозакадемии

Отарова Р.М. преподаватель Кабардино-Балкарский университет имени Х. М. Бербекова

УДК:636.02.084

EFFICIENT USE OF STERN SOY ALFALFA AND SILAGE IN DAIRY CATTLE BREEDING

The great interest in the steppe zone of the Kabardino-Balkaria is the cultivation of soybeans and alfalfa, as their high yield and protein provide obtaining cheap vegetable protein in comparison with other cultures. The share of acreage in the country in soybean and alfalfa in the total arable land is extremely low and does not exceed 2.5–3 %, and the yields obtained do not meet the needs of livestock. Legumes are a valuable source of vegetable protein fill the shortage in livestock. Their cultivation produces the greatest amount of protein per hectare of crops, which includes all the essential amino acids, making these crops especially valuable in creating a stable fodder base. Silage of legumes as roughage content with the required set of macro-and microelements, is peculiar to cattle. Inclusion in diets of cows in the quantity demanded of alfalfa hay of good quality will provide them the necessary nutrients that will significantly improve milk yield and milk quality. High energy value of soybeans, a large percentage of protein and fat make it an important component for inclusion in the diets of lactating cows. But at the same time, the replacement of the concentrate feed soybean meal will enhance the content of metabolizable energy, digestible protein and lipid diet, but will not contribute to ensure the animals’ biological value carotene. The paper presents comparative results of scientific research and the use of soybean forage alfalfa silage in the feeding of dairy cattle. The experiments and calculations have shown that the most appropriate food for dairy herd in winter — stall period, alfalfa hay is. Using alfalfa silage to feed dairy cattle in the steppe zone of the Kabardino-Balkaria more efficiently and more cost-effective compared to the use of soy.

Keywords:

diet feeding, feeding soy, alfalfa, milk productivity, efficiency


References:

1. Baranov V. F., Kocheruga A. V., Kononenko S. I., Rieger A. N. Soybeans in feed. Krasnodar, 2010. 368 p.

2. Berlyand S. S., Kryuchev B. D. Crop. M., 1967. 656 p.

3. Zherukov B. H., Magomedov K. G., Kamilov R. K. Lucerne valuable fodder crop. Nalchik, 2013. 120 p.

4. Kalashnikov A. P., Fisinin V. I., Shcheglov V. V. Norms and animal feeding rations. M., 2003. 455 p.


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