of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (130) 2014


Лаптев Г. Ю. доктор биологических наук Санкт-Петербургская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

Новикова Н. И. кандидат биологических наук Санкт-Петербургская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

Ильина Л.А. кандидат биологических наук Санкт-Петербургская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

Йылдырым Е. А. кандидат биологических наук Санкт-Петербургская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины

Никонов И. Н. главный специалист ООО «Биотроф+»

Филиппова В. А. биотехнолог ООО «Биотроф+»

Бражник Е. А. ветеринарный контролер ООО «Биотроф+»

Корочкина Е. А. кандидат ветеринарных наук Санкт-Петербургская государственная академия ветеринарной медицины



The mycotoxins (aflatoxins, ochratoxin, deoxynivalenol, zearalenone, T-2 toxin and fumonisin) in forage plants (46 samples) from the farms of Leningradskaya oblast and silage (71 samples) from the farms of Leningradskaya, Yaroslavskaya oblast and Krasnodarskiy region were analyzed. Studies on the analysis of the accumulation of mycotoxins in feed plant material and finished silo were conducted in the laboratory of Ltd. “BIOTROPH” in 2014 for the experiment were selected following forage crops: a mixture of red clover and timothy grass, orchard grass, alfalfa, triticale, winter grain mixture and triticale, a mixture of perennial legumes and perennial grasses. Analysis of the accumulation of mycotoxins in feed plant material and silage showed that mycotoxins already were occurred in forage plants as result of fungal attacks during the growing season and later in the silages if conditions were suitable for mold growth. In the mature silage contents of ochratoxin and zearalenone increased compared with forage plants, aflatoxin and T-toxin — remains unchanged, DON — reduced. It was established that the excess of the maximum limit of mycotoxins content was detected in 100 % analyzed forage plants and silage samples. For work piece quality silage should take bilateral action: impact on reducing the «field» of fungi on the growth stage of the plant, including applying the system of crop rotation, as well as influence on the reduction of mycotoxins during storage, using preservative agents with potent antifungal activity


mycotoxins, forage plants, silage, maximum limit of mycotoxins content


1. Diaz D. Mycotoxins and mycotoxicosis. M. : Pechatniy gorod, 2006. 382 p.

2. Bennett J. W., Klich M. Mycotoxins // Clin. Microbiol. Rev. 2003. Vol. 16 (3). P. 497–516.

3. Streit E., Schatzmayr G., Tassis P., Tzika E., Marin D., Taranu I., Tabuc С., Nicolau A., Aprodu I., Puel O., Oswald I. P.

Current Situation of Mycotoxin Contamination and Co-occurrence in Animal Feed-Focus on Europe wald // Toxins. 2012.

Vol. 4 (10). P. 788–809.

4. StSt 31653-2012. Feed. Method of enzyme-linked immunosorbent determination of mycotoxins.

5. Requirements of the Commission of the Customs Union 18 June 2010 № 317.

6. Skladanka J., Adam V., Dolezal P., Nedelnik J., Kizek R., Linduskova H., Edison Jh., Mejia A., Nawrath A. How Do Grass

Species, Season and Ensiling Influence Mycotoxin Content in Forage? // International Journal of Environmental Research and

Public Health. 2013. Vol. 10. P. 6084–6095.

7. D’Mello J. P. F., Macdonald A. M. C. Fungal toxins as disease elicitors // Environmental toxicology : current developments.

Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, 1998. Р. 253–289.

8. Simpson D. R., Weston G. E., Turner J. A, Jennings P., Nicholson P. Differential control of head blight pathogen of wheat by

fungicides and consequences for mycotoxin contamination // European Journal of plant pathology. 2001. Vol. 107. P. 421–431.

9. Ramirez M. L., Reynoso M. M., Farnochi M. C., Chulze S. Vegetative compatibility and mycotoxin chemotypes

among Fusarium graminearum (Gibberella zeae) isolates from wheat in Argentina // European Journal of Plant Pathology.

2006. Vol. 115. P. 139–148.

10. Ioos R., Belhadj A., Menez M., Faure A. The effects of fungicides on Fusarium spp. аnd Microdochium nivale and their

associated trichothecene mycotoxins in French naturally-infected cereal grains // Crop Protection. 2005. Vol. 24. P. 894–902.

11. Lepom P., Baath H., Knabe O. Occurrence of Fusarium species and their mycotoxins in maize. The influence of silaging

on the zearalenone content of CCM maize // Archives of Animal Nutrition. 1988. Vol. 38. P. 817–823.

12. Richter W., Zimmermann N., Abriel M., Schuster M., Kölln-Höllrigl K., OstertagMeyer J., Bauer K. J., Spiekers H.

Hygiene bayerischer Silagen : Validierung einer Checkliste zum Controlling am Silo // Schriftenreihe. Vol. 9. 2009. P. 130.

13. Driehuis F. Silage and the safety and quality of dairy foods : a review // Agricultural and Food Science. 2013. Vol. 22.

P. 16–34.

Download article as PDF:

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.