Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 01 (131) 2015

История

Кладова К. Ю. аспирант Курганский государственный университет

УДК:93/94

LIVESTOCK IN the DAILY LIFE of KURGAN IN the 1920th years (ON MATERIALS OF THE NEWSPAPER “RED KURGAN”)

The article is devoted to the study of stock farming in the everyday life of the inhabitants of the city of Kurgan in the 1920th years. Support for the research was reports in the local newspaper “Red Kurgan” for the period from 1920 to 1930. Stock farming was one of the most important components of the daily life of residents of the city of Kurgan in the 1920th years. Care of the cattle belonged to the circle of daily duties of citizens and occupied an important place in the annual cycle of activity of the Kurgan. In 1920th years, despite the struggle of the Soviet government against religion and superstition, in the everyday care of cattle maintained the traditional folk beliefs. During the first postwar decades Kurgan people are fed cattle hay and straw, ignoring appeals of veterinarians to include in a diet. Prescribed by veterinarians standards of hygiene in most households were not observed due to the commitment of the people of the habitual practice of stock keeping. The tradition of cattle feeding, stock keeping and stock farming of livestock remained for many generations. To scientific maintaining the rural farms are resorted only certain inhabitants in the 1920th years. We think that the main reason for the reluctance of most people to follow the recommendations of veterinarians was not a lack of funds, but special people’s perceptions of farm ani- mals. Livestock was part of the everyday life of Kurgan, care of animals included in the circle of those daily routine, to change suddenly was impossible even for the state. The townspeople kept cattle to victual with their own needs. The livestock, along with house and garden, was perceived as part of a personal everyday space.

Keywords:

the history of everyday life, everyday life, everyday practices, animal husbandry, periodicals, cattle feeding, stock farming, stock keeping, treatment of cattle


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