Аграрный вестник Урала № 03 (133) 2015Пчеловодство
MELLIFEROUS RESOURCES OF MIDDLE URAL FOREST GROWTH REGION THE PERM REGION
On the territory of Perm Region the Middle Ural forest growth region stands out aside from all the rest. Studying the conditions of honey harvesting in the mentioned region is very important for choosing a technology to support families of bees and to increase the efficiency of honey harvesting. To determine honey equilibrium and the productiveness of the region there have been done some researches in order to discover areas with sylva, to select honey plants and to estimate their oozes of nectar. It is known that the territory is covered in forests on 81.2 % (pinery — 3 %; fir woods — 32.1 %; cedar forests and leafy forests — 46.1 %). In theory the honey reserve of the forested area of the region is about 147690.3 thousand kg of honey for the durations of the vegetative season (the productiveness of pinewoods is 1565.14 thousand kg, fir woods — 106067.16 thousand kg, all the other types of woods — 40058.00 thousand kg). Early spring honey plants productivity is 10 % of the total honey production. During the second half of the balance spring honey increases to 14 % or more during the early summer increases to 29 %. The highest productiveness is recorded during the second half of summer (the main period of honey harvesting — up to 35 % from all the honey production). In August the honey production is reduced to 12 %. It is established that the biggest areas in the region among honey plants are full of mountain ash, wild cherry, willow, honeysuckle, wild rose and meadowsweet. In terms of Middle Ural forest growth district can recommend transportation of bee families in the growing season. Early autumn required to carry out the work on bees feed.
beekeeping, honey bee, melliferous plant, production, forest, vegetation, honey resources.
1. Methods of conducting scientific research in beekeeping / ed. by. Shagun. Rybnoe : NIIP, 2006. 154 p.
2. Summary of the organization and development of forestry in the Perm region. Vol. 1. Perm, 2000. 434 p.
3. Ovesnov S. A. Abstract flora Perm region. Perm : PSU, 1997. 252 p.
4. Ponomarev E. G. Food supply beekeeping and pollination of crops. M. : Kolos, 1980. 255 p.
Download article as PDF: