Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 05 (135) 2015

Агрономия

Мальцева В. А. стажер-исследователь Международного института экономических и финансовых инноваций Уральский государственный экономический университет

Филиппова Е. А. соискатель

Ионина Н.В. старший научный сотрудник Курганский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства

УДК:633.11:631.52

THE VARIETY AND THE AREA OF ITS USE

 In the article the results of the trials in the North-Western part of the Kurgan region, where the most popular are the varieties: Omsk 36, Omsk 35, Chulaevsky, Raduga. Substantial areas are not zoned varieties: Iren, Omsk 38, Icarus, Aviad. In Northern areas early maturing varieties are the most reliable in the event of early autumn frosts and delaying ripening wheat in humid and cold weather end of the growing season. In this group of varieties the highest yield showed a new variety Kurgan selection Iset 45. Annual increase compared to Iren ranged from 4.0 to 6.4 t/ha, four years of 4.9 t/ha variety Maltsevskaya 110 has exceeded the Iren an average of 2.1 kg/ha. Consistently high productivity and responsiveness to the application of nitrogen fertilizers has shown Aria and Shurlock. In the late group these indicators are varieties of rainbow and Arch. In more favorable hydration 2011 higher yield potential in their groups of varieties: Iset 45 (24.0 kg/ha), Shurlock (26.7 kg/ha), Arch (28.5 kg/ha). In the Trans-Ural region receiving high-quality grain for years unstable and depends on the genotype of the variety and availability of heat during the formation and grain fills. In four years of high gluten content showed grade: Iren, Maltsevskaya 110, Aria Lutescens 70, on average 37–38 %. Some advantage in quality grains has more fast-ripening varieties.


Keywords:

variety, adaptability, yield, drought, vegetation period, as grain, fertilizers


References:

1. Maltsev L. T., Filippova E. A., Bannikova N. Y. The role of T. S. Maltsev in the development of breeding in the Urals // The scientific legacy of T. S. Maltsev in the development of modern resource-saving technologies, dedicated to the 115th anniversary of the birth T. S. Maltsev. Kurgan : Kurgan State Agricultural Academy, 2011. P. 162−167.

2. Improving the efficiency of farming in Trans-Urals in dry conditions. Kurtamysh : Kurtamysh Publishing, 2013. 231 p.


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