Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 05 (135) 2015

Экология

Лучникова Н.М. кандидат сельскохозяйственных наук, доцент кафедры землеустройства Алтайский государственный аграрный университет

Рассыпнов В.А. доктор биологических наук, профессор кафедры землеустройства, земельного и городского кадастра Алтайский государственный аграрный университет

УДК:332.33.504. 53

AGROECOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF LAND USE OF DRY STEPPE IN THE ALTAI REGION

 Saving the optimal balance of natural and anthropogenic landscapes provides most significantly stable reception of agricultural products for the food security of the country. Agro-ecological assessment of the territory determines the correlation of main agriculturally used areas for practical use in the land reform projects and the creation of new land uses. The goal of the research is agro-ecological assessment of dry steppe use in the southernmost tip of the West Siberian Plain (in the municipal districts of the Altai Region). Objects of study is land resources locating on chestnut soils of the dry steppe in the Altai Region. Analysis of the ecological evaluation of dry steppe territory shows that four districts (Kulundinsky, Tabunsky, Nemetsky National and Slavgorodski) are ecologically unstable. The coefficient of ecological stability in this districts is under 0,33. Land use in the Klyuchevsky District correlates to changeable stable and its coefficient of ecological stability is 0,33–0,50. Land use in the Mikhaylovsky District is moderately stable. The coefficient of ecological stability is between 0,50 and 0,66. Only the Uglovsky District land is ecologically stable (the coefficient of ecological stability is above 0,67). Due to ecological instability of dry steppe in the Altai Region the current land use is ineffective, it demands cultivation of large territories and produces low output per hectare. The current land use of dry steppe districts becomes very cost-based and disrupts to get high crop yield and to raise productiveness of livestock farming. Further use of land under existing conditions will support the further and serious slowing of ecological stability of the land.


Keywords:

cultivated land, land fund, dry steppe, ecological assessment, optimal correlation of farmland, the coefficient of ecological stability, coefficient of anthropogenic load.


References:

1. Agro-climatic resources of the Altai Region. L. : Gidrometeoizdat, 1971. 198 p.

2. Burlakova L. M. Fertility of black soil in agrocoenosis of the Altai Region. Novosibirsk : Nauka, Sib. dep., 1984. 198 p.

3. Vlasova T. V., Tatarintsev V. L. Assessment of land use in the municipal districts of Kulunda dry steppe zone // Newsletter of the Altai State Agrarian University. 2009. № 8 (58). P. 26–30.

4. Volkov S. N. Land Management. V. 2. Land use planning. Land regulation. M. : Kolos, 2001. 648 p.

5. Kiryushin V. I. Ecological bases of agriculture. M. : Kolos, 1996. 367 p.

6. Sustainable use concept of agricultural lands of the Altai Region in current conditions // Agricultural production in the Altai Region in current conditions : problems and solutions : materials of the regional scientific conference (4th-5th of March 1998) Barnaul, 1998. P. 370–424.


Download article as PDF:

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.

Bg