Аграрный вестник Урала № 08 (138) 2015Ветеринария
OTODECTOSIS OF DOGS AND CATS IN VLADIVOSTOK
The objective is evaluated to the prevalence of Otodectes cynotis infestations of cats and dogs of Vladivostok. During 2014 we examined 41 household pets: 17 dogs aged between 2 months to 9 years, 24 cats aged between 3 months to 10 years by otoscopy. The prevalence of Otodectes cynotis in cats was 75 %, in dogs – 29.4 %. The prevalence of infection was significantly higher in animals aged between 2 and 12 months (kittens – 100 % and puppies – 44.4 %). Besides, otodectosis was more frequently observed in male (77 % in cats and 60 % in dogs). Retrospective review of data on otodectosis in cats and in dogs of Vladivostok (pets were examined on the base of the Chair of Biodiversity and Marine Bioresources of the Far Eastern Federal University during the period from August 1993 to June 1997, from September 2004 to August 2012) showed significant difference in O. cynotis prevalence data in different age groups of animals. No significant difference was found between male and female infestation from 1993 to 1997. Among 48 otoscopic examined dogs during from 2004 to 2012, O. cynotys was observed in female. It is found that the seasonal dynamics of otodectoisis in dogs and in cats in a city of Vladivostok in different seasons varies. A general tendency to increase the number of sick dogs was observed in July, September and October. There were more infected cats in October, November, January, February and from April to July.
ectoparasites, Otodectes cynotis, cat, dog, prevalence, Vladivostok.
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