Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

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Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
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ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 09 (139) 2015

Образование

Красовская В. И. доцент кафедры физического воспитания Уральский федеральный университет имени первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина

Добрынин И.М. кандидат педагогических наук, заведующий кафедрой Уральский федеральный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина

Матвеева Е.С. старший преподаватель, заслуженный мастер спорта России по легкой атлетике Уральский федеральный университет им. первого Президента России Б. Н. Ельцина

УДК:371.3

CROUCH START «DRAWN BULLET» IN SPRINTING AND HURDLING ON SHORT DISTANCES

 This paper concerns a technique for using the starting blocks by sportsmen, involved in athletics, students and schoolchildren. A sportsman makes a certain number of steps while sprinting on distances of 60 and 100 m (for example, on 100 m this number varies from 30 to 50 steps depending on the step length). Sometimes during the last step the sportsmen (students, schoolchildren) either jump or fall down. In the hurdle-race on 100 m for women and 110 for men the athletes happen to start with a very high speed and hit the first hurdle, consequently knocking the rest of hurdles. Thus the distance between the hurdles is fixed and high class sportsmen have to place their starting blocks almost in one meter from the starting line. Students and schoolchildren also take part in competitions on these disciplines, not possessing a high speed they cannot keep the pace of three steps between the hurdles that creates some difficulties. A problem of overcoming the first hurdle is solved using the laws of theoretical mechanics and biomechanics. Proposed methodology for starting from the blocks in this work was tested at the classes of physical culture, training sessions and competitions of sportsmen of different levels. The provisions described in this work were checked by the authors when using the computer simulation result for various parameters of the student or athlete and different starting positions of pads on the start line.


Keywords:

running, student, crouch start, starting blocks, hurdle, bullet.


References:

1. Borzov V. F. 10 seconds – the whole life. M. : Fizkultura and sport, 1982. 168 p.

2. Dubrovskii V. I., Fedorova V. A. Biomechanics : textbook for high schools. M. : Vlados-Press, 2003. 550 p.

3. Krasovskii A. N., Choi Y. S. Theoretical mechanics : course of lectures. Ekaterinburg : USAU, 2014. 240 p.

4. Ozolin E. S. Sprinting. SPb. : Chelovek, 2011. 176 p.

5. McFarlane B. The Science of Hurdling. Canada : Athletics, 1988. 262 p.


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