Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
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Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 12 (142) 2015

Инженерия

Новопашин Л. А. кандидат технических наук, доцент Уральский государственный аграрный университет

Коротаев А. А. кандидат экономических наук, старший преподаватель Уральский государственный аграрный университет

УДК:631.372:629.7

APPLICATION OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES FOR MONITORING AGRICULTURAL LANDS AND CULTIVATION AREAS IN AGRARIAN SECTOR

 This article presents a survey of unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) application for the agrarian sector needs in the context of worldwide experience, also review of the Russian producers and unmanned aerial vehicle models. So far the Russian Federation has lagged behind foreign producers in the given area of research, particularly in sphere of UAV electronics, however, “peaceful drones” are designed in our country. The possibilities opening by application of UAV in the agrarian sector of the country, particularly, under conditions of precision agriculture development revealed: creation of digital terrain maps, inventory and specification of agricultural land, control of quality and amount of agricultural work performance, efficient crop condition monitoring, evaluation of germination and forecast of crop yields, crop spraying, fertilizing, ecological monitoring, fire safety, control of quality of agrotechnical activities performance, comparison of different crop varieties, agrotechnology and planting dates. Such vehicles are modern information and control equipment with broad functional possibilities for enterprises in agrarian sector. Application of UAV for agricultural land monitoring will allow optimizing informational components which are related to cultivation areas. The optimal strategy of managing field crop cultivation production processes is built on the basis of collected information. Application of helicopter type UAVs for agrarian aerial photography is suggested. Theoretical justification for the application of multi-rotor type UAVs for agricultural land and cultivation areas monitoring offers. Multirotor type UAVs depending on the goals and objectives equipped with interchangeable airborne laser scanner RIEGL VUX-1, multi-spectral camera Mini-MCA and camera RAW.


Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicle, agricultural land monitoring, airborne laser scanner, multi-spectral camera, control equipment, efficient control and planning.


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