Аграрный вестник Урала № 01 (143) 2016Агрономия
METHODOLOGICAL ISSUES IN THE HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF AGRO-SOIL SCIENCES
The emergence and development of agro-soil sciences is a complex dialectical process of reflection patterns of development of various cultural and natural processes and phenomena. In the article the philosophical and methodological analysis of the formation and development agro-soil sciences. For this purpose, first of all, especially methodological bases of agro-soil sciences conceptualized, the necessity and the need for their development for modern agricultural science and practice justified. To resolve this problem historical reasons of agro-soil sciences are selected and researched. To do this, first the period of formation of regional agro-soils sciences in the XVIII–XIX centuries considered, the overall situation and their development reveals, as well as methodological difficulties for the development of agro-soil science and natural science in general of specified time. The end of the XIX century and the first half of the XX century discusses as the period of formation of the methodological basis in the development of agro-soil science, the role of V. V. Dokuchaev, V. R. Williams and many other scientists in the development of theoretical and methodological bases of agro-soil sciences shows. It turns out also the contribution of the modern scholars in the development of systematic and evolutionary foundations of data science, methodological difficulties of their research understood. In the end, a system-philosophical ways of overcoming the methodological difficulties in the development of modern agro-soil sciences defines. Thus on the basis of a synthesis of the historical and holistic approaches to contemporary agrosoil sciences a deeper systemic development processes of agro-object revealed. The historical approach is enriched by system views, the connection between the evolution of biogeosystem (soil, ecosystem, biocenosis, landscape, etc.) and their integrity.
method, methodology, methodological bases, metaphysical method, systematic method, historical method, historical grounds, agro-soil sciences, evolution of soil, consistency of agro-objects, synthesis of historical and holistic approaches.
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