Аграрный вестник Урала № 02 (144) 2016Агрономия
INFLUENCE OF ZEOLITES AND FERTILIZERS ON SOIL MOISTURE AND PLANT GROWTH OF SPRING RAPE
A comprehensive study of the natural resources of the Lipetsk region is necessary to obtain new fundamental information about the microstructure, technological, environmental properties of Terbunsky zeolites and the search for new areas of use. Research of surface morphology allowed to theoretically justify the use of zeolite-containing rocks of Terbunskoe field as a soil improver for growing oilseed crops – rape and sunflower – for guaranteed environmentally friendly products of oilseeds in the Lipetsk region. In model experiments evaluated the impact of natural minerals of Terbunskoe field in the amount of the maximum absorbent soil moisture and growth of spring rape. There is a tendency to increase the accumulation of soil moisture at all options with the introduction of natural zeolites, both in pure form or in conjunction with mineral fertilizers relative to a control option. Insertion zeolites as fertilizers positively influence the growth and development of rape, but not the same – depending on the dose. Introduction to the soil only zeolites in the amount of 3 and 5 t/ha increases the height of the phases of the growing season differently. This causes the sorbent properties of zeolites regarding to water as a soil improver. The same pattern is observed in the cases with the joint application of mineral fertilizers and zeolite in various doses. The research allow to recommend the introduction of zeolite rocks of Terbunskoe field as a soil improver on leached chernozem at sowing of oilseeds (rapeseed spring) in its pure form at a dose of 3 t/ha and application of complete fertilizer in conjunction with the introduction of zeolites in doses N60P60K60 + 3 t/ha of zeolite.
zeolite-containing rocks, meliorant, natural minerals, physical and chemical properties, agrochemical characteristics, growth dynamics, mineralogical composition, atomic absorption spectrometry.
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