Аграрный вестник Урала № 03 (145) 2016Птицеводство
ROLE OF BLOOD PROTEINS IN THE REALIZATION OF STRESSINDUCING INFLUENCE OF SHAKING IN THE BODY OF CHICKENS
It is established that health is the result of the continuous adaptation of living organisms to changing environmental conditions. Therefore, the adaptive capacity of the animal organism acts as a measure of health that reflects the functional state of physiological systems and, consequently, determines the degree of realization of productive qualities. In this regard, the stressinducing effects can be of different nature, but a living organism reacts to a stereotypical set of biochemical and physiological reactions called the stress response (non-specific adaptation syndrome) and providing so-called non-specific or urgent adaptation. The peculiarities of protein metabolism in the body of domestic and imported chickens of the cross Lohman White forming in the development of stress reactions in the face of production of simulated stress rearrangement and transportation studied. It is established that the body of domestic chickens characterized by a high adaptive capacity within 4 hours after exposure to the stress-factor to arrest the symptoms of the stress reaction and provide a transition to adaptation. Protein metabolism was high with tension, as a result of the considerable resources of protein in the liver cells in the form of albumin, mobilization and addressed the use of which is allowed to maintain energy homeostasis. The body of import chickens came in at a very low ability to mobilize protein reserves. Therefore, the stress reaction that develops in birds after shaking, was more time-consuming. The signs of catabolic nature of protein metabolism decreased gradually and did not disappear after 24 hours after exposure to the stress factor. Therefore, the presence in the individual development of chickens transportation in 1 day old cheated on adaptive norm of the body of birds of this cross.
protein, blood, chickens, vibration.
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