Agrarian
Bulletin
of the Urals

Russian Journal of Agricultural Research

The publication is registered by the Ministry of the Russian Federation
for Affairs of the Press, Television and Radio Broadcasting and Mass Communication Media.
Registration certificate: PI number 77-12831 on May 31, 2002
Subscription index in catalog «Russian Press» - 16356
ISSN 1997 - 4868 (Print)

The Journal is included in the list of the leading peer-reviewed scientific journals and publications, which should be published by the main results of theses for the degree of doctor and Ph.D.
The Journal is included in the Russian Science Citation Index.
Journal is included in the list of VAK (from 25.09.2017), No. 291

ISSN 2307-0005 (Online)
Key title: Agrarnyj vestnik Urala (Online)
Abbreviated key title: Agrar. vestn. Urala (Online)

Аграрный вестник Урала № 04 (146) 2016

Агрономия

Сентеш С. PhD в области агрономии, ассистент Университет Святого Иштвана

Шутински Ж. докторант Университет Святого Иштвана

Халас А. ассистент Университет Святого Иштвана

Тёрёк Г. докторант Университет Святого Иштвана

Пенкса К. доктор биологических наук, профессор Университет Святого Иштвана

Гейгер Б. докторант Университет Святого Иштвана

Яради И. магистрант Университет Святого Иштвана

Рачек Р. магистрант Университет Святого Иштвана

Таши Ю. PhD в области растениеводства и садоводства, доцент Университет Святого Иштвана

Сабо Г. младший научный сотрудник Центр экологических исследований Венгерской академии наук

Зиммерманн З. младший научный сотрудник Центр экологических исследований Венгерской академии наук

УДК:635.964:632.9

IMPROVE PLAINS BLUE-STEM INFESTED SWARD WITH OVERSEEDING

 The plains blue-stem (Bothriochloa ischaemum) is a natural element of the hungarian flora, but due to disturbance monodominant spots may occur, which is not desirable to both grassland management and nature conservation. We have set our overseeding experiment on a 40-year-old fallow field left after a vineyard in Northern Hungarian mountains, which is utilized as a sheep pasture, to suppress this unpleasant species. We have utilized: Lolium perenne, Poa angustifolia, Bromus inermis, Dactylis glomerata. The experimental-plot size was 5 × 4 m. During the experiment (3 years) we have failed to significantly suppress the plains blue-stem at this extremely dry habitat, but managed to stop infestation. The L. perenne could be a useful component in optimal seed-mixture because of it’s initial aggressive growth rate, but only in wet years due to high demand of water. The pure seed sowing however is risky on natural habitat of plains bluestem, which has typically dry and nutrient deficient soil conditions. D. glomerata as pure seed is recommended for forage production, it’s ability of reducing the number of species on pasture is derived from it’s high productivity and prolification. Applying in seed mixture could serve nature conservation as well. P. angustifolia has suppressed the plains blue-stem and also had positive effect on species composition, therefore very useful both as pure seed or in mixture. B. inermis could not prevail under extreme conditions.


Keywords:

Bothriochloa ischaemum, overseeding, Lolium perenne, Poa angustifolia, Bromus inermis, Dactylis glomerata.


References:

1. Bartha S. The main features of fallow-succession. How to examine fallows? // Where is the land of the free living space, What God creates only good humor / Thu. Molnár, Zs. Molnár, A. Varga (eds.). Selection of the first thirteen MÉTA tour booklet, 2003–2009. Vácrátót : IEB, 2010. P. 455–460.

2. Bartha S. Composition, differentiation and dynamics of grasses at forest-steppe biome // Steppe, loess and woodsteppe Hungary / E. Illyés, J. Boloni (eds.). Budapest, 2007. P. 72–103.

3. Bauer N. Interesting facts from Central Gerecse by Plant Science Association. Kitaibelia 3, 1998.

4. Horvath A., Smith S. Changes of vegetation in the area Miklaipuszta in 10 years’ time. Kitaibelia 13, 2008.

5. Illyés E., Bölöni J., Kallay J., Szerényi-Molnár Zs., Csathó A. I., Garadna J. Presentation of the most important vegetation types // Steppe, loess and forest steppe in Hungary / E. Illyés, J. Bölöni (eds.). Budapest, 2007. P. 48–71.

6. Clement J. (eds.). Guidelines for grassland nature conservation management. Budapest : Naturalist Foundation Publishing House, 1997.

7. Penksza K., Morschhauser T., Horvath F., Joiner J. The Kesztölc Forked Mountain and the surrounding vegetation mapping // Information Botany. 1994. № 81. P. 157–164.

8. Szabó I., Kercsmár V., Valley-Szőnyi L. N. Comparative evaluation Loess lemongrass (Bothriochloa ischaemum) dominance of Jaba Valley // Turf Management Releases. 2008. № 6. P. 55–61.

9. Szentes Sz., Sutyinszki Zs., Zimmermann Z., Szabo G., Jardim I., Pets J., Penksza K., Bartha S. The lemongrass (Bothriochloa ischaemum (L.) Keng 1936) turf testing and assessment methods mikrocönológiai effects on betadiversity // Landscape Ecology Pages. 2011. № 9. Р. 463–475.

10. Szentes Sz., Sutyinszki Zs., Szabó G., Zimmermann Z., House J., Wichmann B., Hufnagel L., Penksza K., Bartha, S. Graz Pannonian grassland beta-diversity due to changes C4 yellow luestem // Cent. Eur. J. Biol. 2012. № 7. Р. 1055–1065.

11. Virágh, K. The role of Bothriochloa ischaemum (lemongrass), the loess degradation and regeneration // The Hungarian Academy of Sciences Institute of Ecology and Botany 50 years (1952–2002) / G. Black (eds.). Vácrátót : IEB, 2002. Р. 79–81.

12. Virágh K., Black G. Degradation stages in the xeroseries: composition, similarity, grouping, coordination // Acta Botanica Hungarica. 1984. № 30. P. 427–459.

13. Virágh K., Somodi I. The effects of grazing abandonment landscape level // Agricultural Landscapes vegetation monitoring. The efficient monitoring, theoretical foundations and practical possibilities / A. Horvath, K. Sitar (eds.). Vácrátót : IEB, 2007. Р. 194–197.


Download article as PDF:

Our database contains 2917 authors

We have published 2740 articles in 133 issues.

Bg