Аграрный вестник Урала № 07 (149) 2016Биология и биотехнологии
SAINFOIN SANDY (ONOBRÝCHIS ARENÁRIA) – A NEW LONG-TERM LEGUME CROP INTRODUCTION EXPEDIENCY
Paper contains researches intermediate results of sainfoin sandy (Onobrýchis arenária) introduction expediency in Permregion. Field experiment has been made in 2011–2014, additional field experiments on separate sainfoin sandy technologycultivation receptions have been begun in 2014. Experimental site soil sod-podzolic heavy with the arable horizon followingfeatures: humus – 2.56 %, pH – 4.9, mobile forms of phosphorus and potassium yield amount to 230.0 and 190.0 mg/kg of soil.Local conditions field viability for sainfoin has made 67 %, for lucerne – 78 %, and for clover meadow – 73 %. Results of threeyears' researches show that in Perm region conditions two hay crops formation from beginning of spring growth sainfoin plantsneeds from 102 to 114 days. Period with a temperature over 10 °C on the most part of studied territory has duration more than110 days. This period of active vegetation is accepted for a sainfoin. The sainfoin forms two hay crops of green material for allyears of use. Three years’ period average harvest for 1 hectare was 36.9 t of green mass or 7.53 t of dry mass (48.8 t and 9.77 tfor lucerne respectively). Sainfoin sandy forage biochemical indicators shows high nutritional value with exchange energy 9.81MJ/kg in the first cut and 11.87 MJ/kg in the second cut. Perm region weather conditions are suitable for sainfoin high-gradegrass sprouting and formation in the first year of life (field viability was 60 %, 245–257 plants per 1 sq. m., herbage height was46–60 cm, green mass yield with a soil moisture deficit in 2014 – 4.2 t/ha, with good moisture in 2015 – 11.2 t/ha). It’s provedby results of two field experiments in 2014 and 2015. The sainfoin sandy – a long-term legume grass is perspective for Permregion, and there is an introduction expediency it on Prikamye fields.
sainfoin sandy, field viability, shoots density, productivity, green material, biochemical structure, Perm region.
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