As an example, issues related to publishing ethics faced by the editor, you can bring cases when the author copies a significant part of someone else's work without mentioning it when someone else's work stands out for her, cases of fraud in the study, as well as disputes over authorship.
Duties of the editor.
The decision to publish articles
The journal's editor is responsible for making the decision about which of the presented papers to the journal should publish, working in contact with the scientific and teaching staff USAU.This decision should always be based on the validation of the work and its importance for researchers and readers. The editor can be guided by the methodological guidelines developed by the editorial board of the magazine and legal requirements such as the prevention of libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Also, when making a decision on the publication editor may confer with other editors or reviewers (or representatives of scientific and pedagogical staff USAU).
The journals's editor assesses the work of their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, ethnic origin, nationality or political opinion website.
The editor of the editorial board and staff do not have to disclose information about the submitted manuscript to anyone else, except for the author as correspondent, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial board advisors, and the publisher.
Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest
Unpublished information the disclosure presented in the article should not be used in any editor's own work without the written permission of the author. Confidential information or ideas received by reviewers, should be kept confidential and should not be used for personal gain.
Editor should withdraw from participation in the review (for example, instead of his personal review to ask the co-editor, deputy editor, or another member of the editorial board to perform peer review), if there is a conflict of interest arising out of the competition, cooperation, or other relationships with any of the authors , companies or institutions relevant to the article.
Editor should require all authors of the journal to provide information about relevant competing interests and publish corrections if a conflict of interest was exposed after publication. If necessary, can be made more suitable occasion of action, such as publishing a retraction or expression of concern. For applications to the journal should be guaranteed the same quality review, as for the main content of the magazine. Articles in the annexes to the journal should be considered individually on the basis of their scientific value and interest for the readers, but not for commercial reasons.
Unrefereed sections of the journal should be clearly marked.
The study of ethical complaints
The editor should be reasonably quick action in response to complaints of ethical nature regarding the submitted manuscript or published article, having contact with a publisher (or science-teaching staff USAU).
Such measures usually involve contact with the author of a manuscript or article, and due consideration of a complaint, but may also include further contacts with relevant institutions and research organizations, and, if the complaint is confirmed, the publication of corrections, denials, expressions of concern or other appropriate comment. Each declared a case of unethical behavior in the publication should be studied, even if it was discovered years after publication.
Duties of reviewers
Participation in the decisions of the editorial board
Reviewing the editor helps in deciding whether to publish the work, and in connection with the editorial writer, the author may also help improve its performance. Peer review is an essential component of the official scientific interaction and integral part of the scientific method.
Each elected reviewer who feels his incompetence to review the scientific research described in the manuscript, or knowing that it is impossible reviewing operative must notify the editor and exclude themselves from the process of peer review.
Each received for reviewing the manuscript should be treated as a confidential document. It should not be shown or discussed with others except those authorized editor.
Standards of objectivity
Review should be carried out objectively. Unacceptable personal attacks on the author. The reviewer should express their views clearly and soundly.
If any published work by the authors do not reference was made, the reviewer should note this fact.
Any allegation that any data or output argument has been presented in the scientific press, must be accompanied by appropriate reference. The reviewer should also attract the attention of the editor in the event of any significant similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other known him personally published work.
Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest
Unpublished information the disclosure presented in the article should not be used in a reviewer's own work without the written permission of the author. Confidential information or ideas received by reviewers, should be kept confidential and should not be used for personal gain.
The reviewer should withdraw from participation in the review, if there is a conflict of interest arising out of the competition, cooperation, or other relationships with any of the authors, companies or institutions relevant to the article.
Duties of the authors
The authors descriptions of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed, as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Basic data items should accurately represent the work should contain enough detailed information and links, so that others can repeat it. Unacceptable fraudulent or deliberately inaccurate statements, which are an example of unethical behavior.
Access to data and preservation
Author may be invited to submit an editorial for the initial examination of the data associated with their work, and the authors should be prepared to provide public access to this raw data, if it is doable. These data must be retained for a reasonable time after the publication of the article.
Originality and plagiarism
The authors should ensure that they have written a completely original work, and if the authors have used the work and / or words of other authors, it should be duly noted reference or referred to in the text.
Plagiarism takes many forms, from the issuance the people's work for her to copy or paraphrase the essential parts of someone else's work (without reference to the source), as well as to the application of their rights to the results obtained in studies carried out by others. Plagiarism in all its forms is unethical behavior in the publication and is not valid.
Multiple, duplicate or simultaneous publication
As a rule, authors should not publish more than one article material, which describes the same study. Submission of the same manuscript to more than one journal at the same time is unethical behavior in publishing and unacceptable.
The author should not submit for consideration in another journal has published article. Sometimes you can publish in more than one magazine some articles (such as translation), but subject to the requirements: The authors and the editor of the published work should consent to the re-publication, which should be identical to expound on the data and their interpretation of the original document. In the re-publication must be made to the original published article.
You need to properly recognize the work of other researchers. Authors must provide references to publications that have influenced the content of the paper under. Information obtained privately, for example, in conversation, correspondence or discussions with third parties, should not be used or reported to, without the express written permission from the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential activities, such as reviewing manuscripts or applications for a grant, should not be used without the express written permission of the author of the work involved in such sensitive activities.
Authorship of the work
Authorship should be limited to those individuals who have made significant contributions to the conception, planning, execution or interpretation of the described research.
All persons who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. When a person has been involved in a substantial part of the project, he should be commended, or it must be included in the list of sponsors.
Corresponding author must ensure that the list of co-authors, all real co-authors, as well as read and approved by all co-authors of the final version of the paper, as well as their agreement to submit articles for publication.
Potential hazards and the use of human or animal
If the work involves chemicals or hazardous procedures or equipment, the use of which may lead to unacceptable risks, the author should clearly indicate this in your manuscript. If the work involves the use of animals or humans, the author should be included in the manuscript a statement that all procedures were performed in accordance with applicable laws and official regulations, and that they were approved by the appropriate committee of institution / organization where the study was conducted. In his manuscript, authors should place a separate statement that for experiments with humans, permission was obtained. It must also take into account the human right to privacy.
Disclosure of information and conflicts of interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other significant conflict of interest that could be construed as affecting the results of the evaluation of the manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
Examples of potential conflicts of interest that must be made public, are: employment, consultancy, stock ownership, payment of fees, payment of examination testimony, the patent application or registration, obtaining grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be made known as soon as possible.
Fundamental errors in published works
If the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his published work, his duty is to immediately notify the editor of this and cooperate with the editor to publish a retraction or correction of the article. If the editor learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, the responsibility of the author is an urgent retraction or correction of the article, or representation to the editor published proof-of-work.